Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure performed for unresponsive orbital infections and control of recurrent benign tumours and malignancies arising from the eyelids (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, conjunctival malignant melanoma), lachrymal glands (adenoid cystic carcinoma) or surrounding sinuses. In extremely rare cases the use of a prosthetic eye after enucleation can lead to anophthalmic socket tumours. We report the case of a 54-year-old man who had left eye enucleation due to recurring events of retinal detachment and who developed an invasive fast growing epidermoid carcinoma 30 years later. We review the literature to evaluate the rarity of the occurrence, time of onset after enucleation, treatments and outcomes. Our case illustrates the management of the pathology and emphasises the necessity of careful examination of the anophthalmic socket and the ocular prosthesis to identify any irregularities or damage on its surface even after exenteration that is not performed for malignant disease. Long-term follow up is necessary because this tumour could occur at long time periods after enucleation.

Can the onset of orbital cancer be the result of a prosthetic eye?

Croce A.;Mastronardi V.;Laus M.;FESTA KOTELNIKOVA, ELENA
2017

Abstract

Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure performed for unresponsive orbital infections and control of recurrent benign tumours and malignancies arising from the eyelids (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, conjunctival malignant melanoma), lachrymal glands (adenoid cystic carcinoma) or surrounding sinuses. In extremely rare cases the use of a prosthetic eye after enucleation can lead to anophthalmic socket tumours. We report the case of a 54-year-old man who had left eye enucleation due to recurring events of retinal detachment and who developed an invasive fast growing epidermoid carcinoma 30 years later. We review the literature to evaluate the rarity of the occurrence, time of onset after enucleation, treatments and outcomes. Our case illustrates the management of the pathology and emphasises the necessity of careful examination of the anophthalmic socket and the ocular prosthesis to identify any irregularities or damage on its surface even after exenteration that is not performed for malignant disease. Long-term follow up is necessary because this tumour could occur at long time periods after enucleation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706147
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