PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to investigate the relation between implant site underpreparation and primary stability in the presence of poor-quality bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was performed on fresh humid bovine bone; samples presented no cortical layer with a cancellous structure inside and were obtained from the hip. The bones were firmly attached to a base device. Sixty sites were prepared according to the protocol provided by the manufacturer: a 2-mm pilot drill was introduced to the proper depth and then twist drills of 3 and 3.4 mm were used. After site preparation, 20 3.4- × 11-mm (standard protocol group), 20 3.8- × 11-mm (10% undersized group), and 20 4.5- × 11-mm (25% undersized group) implants were inserted at a calibrated maximum torque of 70 N-cm at the predetermined speed of 30 rpm. After implant insertion, variable torque work (VTW), maximum insertion torque (peak IT), and resonance frequency analysis (RFA) values were recorded. RESULTS: The standard protocol group showed a mean VTW of 565.77 ± 219.12 N-cm, a peak IT of 11.3 ± 4.44 N-cm, and an RFA of 69.35 ± 7.35 implant stability quotient (ISQ). The 10% undersized group showed a mean VTW of 1,240.24 ± 407.78 N-cm, a peak IT of 20.26 ± 7.03 N-cm, and an RFA of 73.40 ± 2.33 ISQ. The 25% undersized group showed a mean VTW of 1,254.96 ± 727.49 N-cm, a peak IT of 17.15 ± 10.39 N-cm, and an RFA of 72.30 ± 6.70 ISQ. For VTW, the difference between the standard and undersized protocol values was statistically significant; for peak IT, the difference between the standard and 10% undersized protocol values was statistically significant; no other statistical differences were found between mean values.

Influence of underpreparation on primary stability of implants inserted in poor quality bone sites: An in vitro study

Piattelli A.
2015

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to investigate the relation between implant site underpreparation and primary stability in the presence of poor-quality bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was performed on fresh humid bovine bone; samples presented no cortical layer with a cancellous structure inside and were obtained from the hip. The bones were firmly attached to a base device. Sixty sites were prepared according to the protocol provided by the manufacturer: a 2-mm pilot drill was introduced to the proper depth and then twist drills of 3 and 3.4 mm were used. After site preparation, 20 3.4- × 11-mm (standard protocol group), 20 3.8- × 11-mm (10% undersized group), and 20 4.5- × 11-mm (25% undersized group) implants were inserted at a calibrated maximum torque of 70 N-cm at the predetermined speed of 30 rpm. After implant insertion, variable torque work (VTW), maximum insertion torque (peak IT), and resonance frequency analysis (RFA) values were recorded. RESULTS: The standard protocol group showed a mean VTW of 565.77 ± 219.12 N-cm, a peak IT of 11.3 ± 4.44 N-cm, and an RFA of 69.35 ± 7.35 implant stability quotient (ISQ). The 10% undersized group showed a mean VTW of 1,240.24 ± 407.78 N-cm, a peak IT of 20.26 ± 7.03 N-cm, and an RFA of 73.40 ± 2.33 ISQ. The 25% undersized group showed a mean VTW of 1,254.96 ± 727.49 N-cm, a peak IT of 17.15 ± 10.39 N-cm, and an RFA of 72.30 ± 6.70 ISQ. For VTW, the difference between the standard and undersized protocol values was statistically significant; for peak IT, the difference between the standard and 10% undersized protocol values was statistically significant; no other statistical differences were found between mean values.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
degidi2015.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 415.16 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
415.16 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706247
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 18
  • Scopus 55
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 51
social impact