Background: The evaluation of chronic pelvic and perineal pain (CPP) is often complex. The patient's description of the pain often appears to be disproportionate to the limited findings on physical examination and/or complementary investigations. The concept of central sensitization may allow better understanding and management of patients with CPP. Objective: The aim of this study was to elaborate a clinical evaluation tool designed to simply identify sensitization in pelvic pain. Methods: A list of 63 items was submitted to 22 international CPP experts according to the Delphi method. Results: Ten clinical criteria were adopted for the creation of a clinical evaluation tool: 1) pain influenced by bladder filling and/or urination, 2) pain influenced by rectal distension and/or defecation, 3) pain during sexual activity, 4) perineal and/or vulvar pain in response to normally nonpainful stimulation, 5) pelvic trigger points (e.g., in the piriformis, obturator internus, and/or levator ani muscles), 6) pain after urination, 7) pain after defecation, 8) pain after sexual activity, 9) variable (fluctuating) pain intensity and/or variable pain distribution, 10) migraine or tension headaches and/or fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome and/or post-traumatic stress disorder and/or restless legs syndrome and/or temporomandibular joint dysfunction and/or multiple chemical sensitivity. Conclusions: This process resulted in the elaboration of a clinical evaluation tool designed to identify and appropriately manage patients with CPP comprising a sensitization component.

Clinical criteria of central sensitization in chronic pelvic and perineal pain (Convergences PP Criteria): Elaboration of a clinical evaluation tool based on formal expert consensus

Giamberardino MA;
2018

Abstract

Background: The evaluation of chronic pelvic and perineal pain (CPP) is often complex. The patient's description of the pain often appears to be disproportionate to the limited findings on physical examination and/or complementary investigations. The concept of central sensitization may allow better understanding and management of patients with CPP. Objective: The aim of this study was to elaborate a clinical evaluation tool designed to simply identify sensitization in pelvic pain. Methods: A list of 63 items was submitted to 22 international CPP experts according to the Delphi method. Results: Ten clinical criteria were adopted for the creation of a clinical evaluation tool: 1) pain influenced by bladder filling and/or urination, 2) pain influenced by rectal distension and/or defecation, 3) pain during sexual activity, 4) perineal and/or vulvar pain in response to normally nonpainful stimulation, 5) pelvic trigger points (e.g., in the piriformis, obturator internus, and/or levator ani muscles), 6) pain after urination, 7) pain after defecation, 8) pain after sexual activity, 9) variable (fluctuating) pain intensity and/or variable pain distribution, 10) migraine or tension headaches and/or fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome and/or post-traumatic stress disorder and/or restless legs syndrome and/or temporomandibular joint dysfunction and/or multiple chemical sensitivity. Conclusions: This process resulted in the elaboration of a clinical evaluation tool designed to identify and appropriately manage patients with CPP comprising a sensitization component.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706312
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