Loss-of-function mutations in the SIL1 gene are linked to Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS), a rare multisystem disease of infancy characterized by cerebellar and skeletal muscle degeneration. SIL1 is a ubiquitous adenine nucleotide exchange factor for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone BiP. The complexity of mechanisms by which loss of SIL1 causes MSS is not yet fully understood. We used HeLa cells to test the hypothesis that impaired protein folding in the ER due to loss of SIL1 could affect secretory trafficking, impairing the transport of cargoes essential for the function of MSS vulnerable cells. Immunofluorescence and ultrastructural analysis of SIL1-knocked-down cells detected ER chaperone aggregation, enlargement of the Golgi complex, increased autophagic vacuoles, and mitochondrial swelling. SIL1-interefered cells also had delayed ER-to-plasma membrane transport with retention of Na+/K+-ATPase and procollagen-I in the ER and Golgi, and increased apoptosis. The PERK pathway of the unfolded protein response was activated in SIL1-interfered cells, and the PERK inhibitor GSK2606414 attenuated the morphological and functional alterations of the secretory pathway, and significantly reduced cell death. These results indicate that loss of SIL1 is associated with alterations of secretory transport, and suggest that inhibiting PERK signalling may alleviate the cellular pathology of SIL1-related MSS.

PERK inhibition attenuates the abnormalities of the secretory pathway and the increased apoptotic rate induced by SIL1 knockdown in HeLa cells

Emanuela Clemente;Samantha Sperduti;Laura Pietrangelo;Feliciano Protasi;Michele Sallese
2018

Abstract

Loss-of-function mutations in the SIL1 gene are linked to Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS), a rare multisystem disease of infancy characterized by cerebellar and skeletal muscle degeneration. SIL1 is a ubiquitous adenine nucleotide exchange factor for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone BiP. The complexity of mechanisms by which loss of SIL1 causes MSS is not yet fully understood. We used HeLa cells to test the hypothesis that impaired protein folding in the ER due to loss of SIL1 could affect secretory trafficking, impairing the transport of cargoes essential for the function of MSS vulnerable cells. Immunofluorescence and ultrastructural analysis of SIL1-knocked-down cells detected ER chaperone aggregation, enlargement of the Golgi complex, increased autophagic vacuoles, and mitochondrial swelling. SIL1-interefered cells also had delayed ER-to-plasma membrane transport with retention of Na+/K+-ATPase and procollagen-I in the ER and Golgi, and increased apoptosis. The PERK pathway of the unfolded protein response was activated in SIL1-interfered cells, and the PERK inhibitor GSK2606414 attenuated the morphological and functional alterations of the secretory pathway, and significantly reduced cell death. These results indicate that loss of SIL1 is associated with alterations of secretory transport, and suggest that inhibiting PERK signalling may alleviate the cellular pathology of SIL1-related MSS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706453
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