A new view for the analytical formulation of torsional ultimate strength for reinforced concrete (RC) beams by experimental data is explored by using a new hybrid regression method termed Evolutionary Polynomial Regression (EPR). In the case of torsion in RC elements, the poor assumptions in physical models often result into poor agreement with experimental results. Nonetheless, existing models have simple and compact mathematical expressions since they are used by practitioners as building codes provisions. EPR combines the best features of conventional numerical regression techniques with the effectiveness of genetic programming for constructing symbolic expressions of regression models. The EPR modeling paradigm allows to figure out existing patterns in recorded data in terms of compact mathematical expressions, according to the available physical knowledge on the phenomenon (if any). The procedure output is represented by different formulae to predict torsional strength of RC beam. The multi-objective search paradigm used by EPR allows developing a set of formulae showing different complexity of mathematical expressions as resulting into different agreement with experimental data. The efficiency of such approach is tested using experimental data of 64 rectangular RC beams reported in technical literature. The input parameters affecting the torsional strength were selected as cross-sectional area of beams, cross-sectional area of one-leg of closed stirrup, spacing of stirrups, area of longitudinal reinforcement, yield strength of stirrup and longitudinal reinforcement, concrete compressive strength. Those results are finally compared with previous studies and existing building codes for a complete comparison considering formulation complexity and experimental data fitting.

Predicting torsional strength of RC beams by using Evolutionary Polynomial Regression

Berardi L.;
2012

Abstract

A new view for the analytical formulation of torsional ultimate strength for reinforced concrete (RC) beams by experimental data is explored by using a new hybrid regression method termed Evolutionary Polynomial Regression (EPR). In the case of torsion in RC elements, the poor assumptions in physical models often result into poor agreement with experimental results. Nonetheless, existing models have simple and compact mathematical expressions since they are used by practitioners as building codes provisions. EPR combines the best features of conventional numerical regression techniques with the effectiveness of genetic programming for constructing symbolic expressions of regression models. The EPR modeling paradigm allows to figure out existing patterns in recorded data in terms of compact mathematical expressions, according to the available physical knowledge on the phenomenon (if any). The procedure output is represented by different formulae to predict torsional strength of RC beam. The multi-objective search paradigm used by EPR allows developing a set of formulae showing different complexity of mathematical expressions as resulting into different agreement with experimental data. The efficiency of such approach is tested using experimental data of 64 rectangular RC beams reported in technical literature. The input parameters affecting the torsional strength were selected as cross-sectional area of beams, cross-sectional area of one-leg of closed stirrup, spacing of stirrups, area of longitudinal reinforcement, yield strength of stirrup and longitudinal reinforcement, concrete compressive strength. Those results are finally compared with previous studies and existing building codes for a complete comparison considering formulation complexity and experimental data fitting.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706551
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