INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the outcome of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated talipes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cinahl, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched. The outcomes explored were: associated anomalies detected at follow-up ultrasound examination; fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and birth; chromosomal abnormalities detected with standard and chromosomal microarray analysis, intrauterine, neonatal, and perinatal death, and termination of pregnancy; rate of surgical and nonsurgical treatment; neurodevelopmental outcome; and false-positive rate of prenatal diagnosis. Meta-analyses of proportions were used to combine data. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies (1567 fetuses) were included. Associated anomalies were detected in 7.8% (95% CI 0.1%-29.3%) of cases at follow-up ultrasound, and in 4.0% (95% CI 0.1%-13.2%) of cases, fetal MRI identified anomalies not detected at ultrasound assessment. Similarly, 7.0% (95% CI 3.4%-11.7%) of cases labeled as isolated talipes on prenatal imaging were found to have associated anomalies at birth. Abnormal karyotype was present in 3.6% (95% CI 1.7%-6.2%) of fetuses, whereas no anomaly was found at chromosomal microarray analysis, although this outcome was reported by only 1 study. Intrauterine death occurred in 0.99% (95% CI 0.4%-1.9%) of fetuses, whereas the corresponding figures for neonatal death and termination of pregnancy were 1.5% (95% CI 0.6%-2.6%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.2%-3.4%), respectively. Surgical management of anomalies after birth was found in 41.7% (95% CI 27.0%-57.2%) of fetuses with isolated talipes, and 54.8% (95% CI 31.5%-77.0%) had nonsurgical management of the anomalies after birth. Abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome was reported in 7.6% (95% CI 1.0%-19.4%) of children, although this analysis was affected by the small number of included cases and short time of follow up.

Outcome of isolated fetal talipes: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Di Mascio D.;Buca D.;Liberati M.;D'Antonio F.
2019

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to explore the outcome of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of isolated talipes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cinahl, and Clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched. The outcomes explored were: associated anomalies detected at follow-up ultrasound examination; fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and birth; chromosomal abnormalities detected with standard and chromosomal microarray analysis, intrauterine, neonatal, and perinatal death, and termination of pregnancy; rate of surgical and nonsurgical treatment; neurodevelopmental outcome; and false-positive rate of prenatal diagnosis. Meta-analyses of proportions were used to combine data. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies (1567 fetuses) were included. Associated anomalies were detected in 7.8% (95% CI 0.1%-29.3%) of cases at follow-up ultrasound, and in 4.0% (95% CI 0.1%-13.2%) of cases, fetal MRI identified anomalies not detected at ultrasound assessment. Similarly, 7.0% (95% CI 3.4%-11.7%) of cases labeled as isolated talipes on prenatal imaging were found to have associated anomalies at birth. Abnormal karyotype was present in 3.6% (95% CI 1.7%-6.2%) of fetuses, whereas no anomaly was found at chromosomal microarray analysis, although this outcome was reported by only 1 study. Intrauterine death occurred in 0.99% (95% CI 0.4%-1.9%) of fetuses, whereas the corresponding figures for neonatal death and termination of pregnancy were 1.5% (95% CI 0.6%-2.6%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.2%-3.4%), respectively. Surgical management of anomalies after birth was found in 41.7% (95% CI 27.0%-57.2%) of fetuses with isolated talipes, and 54.8% (95% CI 31.5%-77.0%) had nonsurgical management of the anomalies after birth. Abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome was reported in 7.6% (95% CI 1.0%-19.4%) of children, although this analysis was affected by the small number of included cases and short time of follow up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/706813
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