The 2012 earthquakes sequence stroke a wide area of the alluvial plain in the Emilia-Romagna Region and triggered a new research interest on the role of the subsurface stratigraphic architecture and petrophysical property distribution in the modulation of the local seismic effects. Few direct shear wave velocity VS data were however available below the depth of 50 m. The only available VS measurements were obtained from an anticline area, characterized by a reduced stratigraphic thickness and peculiar sedimentary facies, hardly representative of the majority of the alluvial plain subsurface. The study provides the first VS profile available from middle-upper Quaternary successions deposited into a fast subsiding syncline area of the Apennine Foredeep Basin. The P-wave velocity VP and the S-wave velocity VS logs fill in the previous data gap on the geophysical parameters needed for the estimation of the local seismic response. Both VP and VS logs were continuously acquired to the depth of 265 m. The log records a velocity increase with depth, punctuated by sharp increases at some stratigraphic discordance surfaces. The value of 800 m/s that characterizes the “seismic bedrock”, as defined by the Italian building code [NTC 2008] was never reached at any depth. The investigated succession records a depositional evolution from deltaic-marine to alluvial plain conditions, punctuated by six glacio-eustatic depositional cycles, developed in Middle-Upper Quaternary times. The stratigraphic units described in the syncline log were correlated at a regional scale, with the thinner anticline succession of Mirandola. Correlatable units deposited into syncline and anticline areas reveal similar shear wave velocity values, supporting the regional extrapolation of the measured values.

Down-hole geophysical characterization of middle-upper Quaternary sequences in the Apennine Foredeep, Mirabello, Italy

Amoroso S.;
2016

Abstract

The 2012 earthquakes sequence stroke a wide area of the alluvial plain in the Emilia-Romagna Region and triggered a new research interest on the role of the subsurface stratigraphic architecture and petrophysical property distribution in the modulation of the local seismic effects. Few direct shear wave velocity VS data were however available below the depth of 50 m. The only available VS measurements were obtained from an anticline area, characterized by a reduced stratigraphic thickness and peculiar sedimentary facies, hardly representative of the majority of the alluvial plain subsurface. The study provides the first VS profile available from middle-upper Quaternary successions deposited into a fast subsiding syncline area of the Apennine Foredeep Basin. The P-wave velocity VP and the S-wave velocity VS logs fill in the previous data gap on the geophysical parameters needed for the estimation of the local seismic response. Both VP and VS logs were continuously acquired to the depth of 265 m. The log records a velocity increase with depth, punctuated by sharp increases at some stratigraphic discordance surfaces. The value of 800 m/s that characterizes the “seismic bedrock”, as defined by the Italian building code [NTC 2008] was never reached at any depth. The investigated succession records a depositional evolution from deltaic-marine to alluvial plain conditions, punctuated by six glacio-eustatic depositional cycles, developed in Middle-Upper Quaternary times. The stratigraphic units described in the syncline log were correlated at a regional scale, with the thinner anticline succession of Mirandola. Correlatable units deposited into syncline and anticline areas reveal similar shear wave velocity values, supporting the regional extrapolation of the measured values.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/707175
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