The OH–F substitution in “synthetic Rb-richterite” has been investigated along the join Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH)2–Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(F)2. Syntheses were done by conventional hydrothermal techniques (Tuttle-type vessels) at 800 °C, 1 kbar P(H2O). SEM microscopy showed very high yields of acicular to prismatic amphibole crystals up to XF = F/(F + OH) = 0.6. Beyond this value, a micaceous phase and a very fine-grained granular phase were present. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns show a single amphibole phase below XF = 0.6; above XF = 0.6, a distinct peak at d = 12.18 Å indicates the presence of a mica and there is a broad hump starting at ~ 20o 2θ and ~ 15o wide, both features increasing in intensity with increasing XF. Cell dimensions at XF = 0 are compatible with an ideal amphibole composition Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH)2 and evolve with increasing XF up to XF = 0.6, where there is a sharp discontinuity in a, β and V. The infrared OH-stretching spectrum of the OH end-member shows a main band at 3732 cm−1 which is assigned to the local MgMgMg–OH→ Rb arrangement, and a minor band at 3670 cm−1 assigned to the local MgMgMg–OH→ □ arrangement. This latter band indicates a slight departure toward tremolite. Intermediate OH–F compositions show the appearance of a second band at 3718 cm−1, whose intensity is proportional to the F content in the system, in accord with OH−OH and OH–F arrangements across the filled A-site. For XF > 0.6, the OH-stretching spectra are complicated by the appearance of two more peaks at 3705 and 3685 cm−1. Additional bands at lower wavenumbers, centered around 3595, 3540 and 3475 cm−1, respectively, are better resolved by collecting the spectra on disks heated at 250 °C to remove the adsorbed moisture in the pellet. Combining the behavior of unit-cell dimensions and the infrared spectra with mass-balance arguments indicates that at high XF values, Na replaces part of the Rb at the A-site in the amphibole and the tremolite component of the amphibole increases, while “Rb tetrasilicic magnesium mica” crystallizes, along with semi-amorphous nanophases. The variation in band intensities as a function of XF indicates that OH and F randomly occupy local pairs of O(3) sites across a (filled) A-site, and that there is no short-range order of OH and F. © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Synthesis and solid solution in “rubidium richterite”, Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH,F)2

Iezzi G.
2019

Abstract

The OH–F substitution in “synthetic Rb-richterite” has been investigated along the join Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH)2–Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(F)2. Syntheses were done by conventional hydrothermal techniques (Tuttle-type vessels) at 800 °C, 1 kbar P(H2O). SEM microscopy showed very high yields of acicular to prismatic amphibole crystals up to XF = F/(F + OH) = 0.6. Beyond this value, a micaceous phase and a very fine-grained granular phase were present. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns show a single amphibole phase below XF = 0.6; above XF = 0.6, a distinct peak at d = 12.18 Å indicates the presence of a mica and there is a broad hump starting at ~ 20o 2θ and ~ 15o wide, both features increasing in intensity with increasing XF. Cell dimensions at XF = 0 are compatible with an ideal amphibole composition Rb(NaCa)Mg5Si8O22(OH)2 and evolve with increasing XF up to XF = 0.6, where there is a sharp discontinuity in a, β and V. The infrared OH-stretching spectrum of the OH end-member shows a main band at 3732 cm−1 which is assigned to the local MgMgMg–OH→ Rb arrangement, and a minor band at 3670 cm−1 assigned to the local MgMgMg–OH→ □ arrangement. This latter band indicates a slight departure toward tremolite. Intermediate OH–F compositions show the appearance of a second band at 3718 cm−1, whose intensity is proportional to the F content in the system, in accord with OH−OH and OH–F arrangements across the filled A-site. For XF > 0.6, the OH-stretching spectra are complicated by the appearance of two more peaks at 3705 and 3685 cm−1. Additional bands at lower wavenumbers, centered around 3595, 3540 and 3475 cm−1, respectively, are better resolved by collecting the spectra on disks heated at 250 °C to remove the adsorbed moisture in the pellet. Combining the behavior of unit-cell dimensions and the infrared spectra with mass-balance arguments indicates that at high XF values, Na replaces part of the Rb at the A-site in the amphibole and the tremolite component of the amphibole increases, while “Rb tetrasilicic magnesium mica” crystallizes, along with semi-amorphous nanophases. The variation in band intensities as a function of XF indicates that OH and F randomly occupy local pairs of O(3) sites across a (filled) A-site, and that there is no short-range order of OH and F. © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/708075
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