The aim of this study was to investigate with a large sample size, the predictive and prognostic positive roles of occurrence of immune-related adverse events in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated with PD-1 inhibitors. The study confirmed that immune-related adverse events are independent predictors of higher overall response rate, longer progression-free survival and longer overall survival. Background: Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) developed during immunotherapy with anti-PD-1 agents, could be a predictive surrogate marker of clinical benefit in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients with NSCLC, treated with anti-PD-1 agents, were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the relationships between types of irAEs (differentiated according to system/organ involved and to single-site/multiple-site), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We further performed a 6-week landmark analysis. Results: A total of 559 patients were enrolled; 231 patients (41.3%) developed irAEs of any grade and 50 patients (8.9%) G3/G4 events; 191 of them (82.6%) developed "single-site" irAEs and 40 (17.4%) "multiple-site" irAEs. At multivariate analysis, higher ORR was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), endocrine (P = .0043) and skin irAEs (P = .0005). Longer PFS was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), "multiple-site" irAEs (P = .0374), endocrine irAEs (P = .0084) and skin irAEs (P = .0001). Longer OS was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), endocrine irAEs (P = .0044), gastrointestinal irAEs (P = .0437), skin irAEs (P = .0006), and others irAEs (P = .0378). At the 6-week landmark analysis, irAEs of any grade was confirmed an independent predictor of higher ORR, longer PFS, and longer OS. Conclusion: Our study confirmed that irAEs are concordantly related to higher ORR, longer PFS, and longer OS with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in patients with NSCLC.

Correlations Between the Immune-related Adverse Events Spectrum and Efficacy of Anti-PD1 Immunotherapy in NSCLC Patients

Grassadonia A.;Tinari N.;De Tursi M.;
2019

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate with a large sample size, the predictive and prognostic positive roles of occurrence of immune-related adverse events in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated with PD-1 inhibitors. The study confirmed that immune-related adverse events are independent predictors of higher overall response rate, longer progression-free survival and longer overall survival. Background: Immune-related adverse events (irAEs) developed during immunotherapy with anti-PD-1 agents, could be a predictive surrogate marker of clinical benefit in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients with NSCLC, treated with anti-PD-1 agents, were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the relationships between types of irAEs (differentiated according to system/organ involved and to single-site/multiple-site), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We further performed a 6-week landmark analysis. Results: A total of 559 patients were enrolled; 231 patients (41.3%) developed irAEs of any grade and 50 patients (8.9%) G3/G4 events; 191 of them (82.6%) developed "single-site" irAEs and 40 (17.4%) "multiple-site" irAEs. At multivariate analysis, higher ORR was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), endocrine (P = .0043) and skin irAEs (P = .0005). Longer PFS was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), "multiple-site" irAEs (P = .0374), endocrine irAEs (P = .0084) and skin irAEs (P = .0001). Longer OS was related to irAEs of any grade (P < .0001), "single-site" irAEs (P < .0001), endocrine irAEs (P = .0044), gastrointestinal irAEs (P = .0437), skin irAEs (P = .0006), and others irAEs (P = .0378). At the 6-week landmark analysis, irAEs of any grade was confirmed an independent predictor of higher ORR, longer PFS, and longer OS. Conclusion: Our study confirmed that irAEs are concordantly related to higher ORR, longer PFS, and longer OS with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in patients with NSCLC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/708231
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