BACKGROUND: The substance P pathway modulates neuroimmune interactions during intestinal inflammation. AIMS: To analyse mucosal expression and genetic variants of the genes coding for substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor and neutral endopeptidase in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to analyse mRNA levels in matched, paired samples of inflamed colonic mucosa and adjacent non-inflamed endoscopic tissue from 26 Crohn's disease and 25 ulcerative colitis patients. Allele and genotype frequencies of tag-SNPs were determined in 908 Crohn's disease, 929 ulcerative colitis, and 853 controls. Expression levels and genotype distributions were examined within patients' clinical sub-phenotypes. RESULTS: All 3 evaluated genes were overexpressed in inflamed tissues from Crohn's disease (P=0.033, P=4×10(-5), P=0.001), while in ulcerative colitis only higher levels of the gene coding for neutral endopeptidase were statistically significant (P=2.5×10(-5)). Smoking habit and perianal disease were significantly associated with substance P (P=0.002) and neurokinin-1 receptor levels (P=0.02) in Crohn's disease. Neutral endopeptidase rs701109 variant was associated with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease: P=0.022; ulcerative colitis: P=0.045), and with the need for colectomy in ulcerative colitis (P=0.008, OR=2.46, 95% CI=1.27-4.76). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants of the gene coding for neutral endopeptidase might affect the neuroimmune interaction during intestinal inflammation and influence clinical sub-phenotypes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Genetic variants of membrane metallopeptidase genes in inflammatory bowel diseases

di Mola F. F.;di Sebastiano P.
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The substance P pathway modulates neuroimmune interactions during intestinal inflammation. AIMS: To analyse mucosal expression and genetic variants of the genes coding for substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor and neutral endopeptidase in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to analyse mRNA levels in matched, paired samples of inflamed colonic mucosa and adjacent non-inflamed endoscopic tissue from 26 Crohn's disease and 25 ulcerative colitis patients. Allele and genotype frequencies of tag-SNPs were determined in 908 Crohn's disease, 929 ulcerative colitis, and 853 controls. Expression levels and genotype distributions were examined within patients' clinical sub-phenotypes. RESULTS: All 3 evaluated genes were overexpressed in inflamed tissues from Crohn's disease (P=0.033, P=4×10(-5), P=0.001), while in ulcerative colitis only higher levels of the gene coding for neutral endopeptidase were statistically significant (P=2.5×10(-5)). Smoking habit and perianal disease were significantly associated with substance P (P=0.002) and neurokinin-1 receptor levels (P=0.02) in Crohn's disease. Neutral endopeptidase rs701109 variant was associated with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease: P=0.022; ulcerative colitis: P=0.045), and with the need for colectomy in ulcerative colitis (P=0.008, OR=2.46, 95% CI=1.27-4.76). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants of the gene coding for neutral endopeptidase might affect the neuroimmune interaction during intestinal inflammation and influence clinical sub-phenotypes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/709732
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