The management of reservoirs for water supply is a great environmental problem, since regular de-silting operations produce huge quantities of sediments. Among the recycling possibilities, the use of clay sediments for the manufacture of geopolymer-based materials seems to be an interesting alternative to disposal, due to their low cost and easy availability. In particular, two sediments, coming from reservoirs located in Southern Italy, were firstly characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermogravimetry, Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and 27Al and 29Si Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy. The reactivity of raw and thermally treated clay sediments in alkaline media was also investigated. Finally, geopolymeric samples were produced and chemically, physically and mechanically characterized. The results showed that the calcined clay sediments can be suitable source materials in polycondensation reactions and that the increase of the calcination temperature from 400 to 750°C resulted in an increased reactivity. Moreover, good mechanical properties were obtained by all the geopolymers prepared with heat-treated sediments. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Thermally treated clay sediments as geopolymer source material

Capasso I.;
2015

Abstract

The management of reservoirs for water supply is a great environmental problem, since regular de-silting operations produce huge quantities of sediments. Among the recycling possibilities, the use of clay sediments for the manufacture of geopolymer-based materials seems to be an interesting alternative to disposal, due to their low cost and easy availability. In particular, two sediments, coming from reservoirs located in Southern Italy, were firstly characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermogravimetry, Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and 27Al and 29Si Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy. The reactivity of raw and thermally treated clay sediments in alkaline media was also investigated. Finally, geopolymeric samples were produced and chemically, physically and mechanically characterized. The results showed that the calcined clay sediments can be suitable source materials in polycondensation reactions and that the increase of the calcination temperature from 400 to 750°C resulted in an increased reactivity. Moreover, good mechanical properties were obtained by all the geopolymers prepared with heat-treated sediments. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/712753
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