The paper discusses the possibility of detecting local damages in complex structures typical of civil engineering, as multispan beams and trusses. Namely, it describes a procedure to identify localised cracks in structures in the elastic range of behaviour using only the values of natural frequencies in the intact configuration and in the damaged one evaluated by means of dynamic tests. The error minimisation procedure described in the paper selects the solution within a set of finite element models that simulate a range of positions and levels of damage, by identifying the damaged configuration as the one whose modal frequencies minimise the least-square difference with the measured data. The accuracy of the method is first investigated by applying it to the damage detection of a two-span steel beam, whose modal frequencies were obtained by means of experimental tests. To explore the accuracy of the proposed procedure, numerically simulated data with random noise were also generated for several positions and levels of damage and for different values of the random noise. The procedure was then extended, by means of numerical simulations, to the case of a beam with two localised damages. Finally, the procedure proposed for multispan beams is adapted to the damage identification of plane truss structures. © 2019, The Author(s).

Modal identification of localised damage in beams and trusses: experimental and numerical results

Sepe V.;
2019

Abstract

The paper discusses the possibility of detecting local damages in complex structures typical of civil engineering, as multispan beams and trusses. Namely, it describes a procedure to identify localised cracks in structures in the elastic range of behaviour using only the values of natural frequencies in the intact configuration and in the damaged one evaluated by means of dynamic tests. The error minimisation procedure described in the paper selects the solution within a set of finite element models that simulate a range of positions and levels of damage, by identifying the damaged configuration as the one whose modal frequencies minimise the least-square difference with the measured data. The accuracy of the method is first investigated by applying it to the damage detection of a two-span steel beam, whose modal frequencies were obtained by means of experimental tests. To explore the accuracy of the proposed procedure, numerically simulated data with random noise were also generated for several positions and levels of damage and for different values of the random noise. The procedure was then extended, by means of numerical simulations, to the case of a beam with two localised damages. Finally, the procedure proposed for multispan beams is adapted to the damage identification of plane truss structures. © 2019, The Author(s).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/712811
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