Recent insights have indicated an active role of the complex complement system not only in immunity, but also in bone remodeling. Evidence from knockout mice and observations from skeletal diseases have drawn attention to the C5a/C5aR axis of the complement cascade in the modulation of osteoclast functions and as potential therapeutic targets for treatment of bone pathologies. With the aim to identify novel C5aR regulators, a medicinal chemistry program was initiated, driven by structural information on a minor pocket of C5aR that has been proposed to be a key motif for C5aR intracellular activation. The impact of the peptidomimetic orthosteric C5aR antagonist (PMX-53), of two newly synthesized allosteric C5aR antagonists (DF2593A, DF3016A), and of C5aR down-regulation by specific siRNAs, were examined for regulation of osteoclastogenesis, using a well-validated in-vitro model starting from RAW264.7 precursor cells. Both pharmacological and molecular approaches reduced osteoclast maturation of RAW264.7 cells induced by receptor-activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), which limited the transcription of several differentiation markers evaluated by real-time PCR, including nuclear factor of activated T-cell 1, matrix metalloproteinase-9, cathepsin-K, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. These treatments were ineffective on the subsequent step of osteoclast syncytium formation, apparently as a consequence of reduction of C5aR mRNA levels in the course of osteoclastogenesis, as monitored by real-time PCR. Among the C5aR antagonists analyzed, DF3016A inhibited osteoclast degradation activity through inhibition of C5aR signal transduction and transcription. These data confirm the preclinical relevance of this novel therapeutic candidate.

Inhibition of osteoclast activity by complement regulation with DF3016A, a novel small-molecular-weight C5aR inhibitor

Jole Fonderico;Stefania Fulle;
2020

Abstract

Recent insights have indicated an active role of the complex complement system not only in immunity, but also in bone remodeling. Evidence from knockout mice and observations from skeletal diseases have drawn attention to the C5a/C5aR axis of the complement cascade in the modulation of osteoclast functions and as potential therapeutic targets for treatment of bone pathologies. With the aim to identify novel C5aR regulators, a medicinal chemistry program was initiated, driven by structural information on a minor pocket of C5aR that has been proposed to be a key motif for C5aR intracellular activation. The impact of the peptidomimetic orthosteric C5aR antagonist (PMX-53), of two newly synthesized allosteric C5aR antagonists (DF2593A, DF3016A), and of C5aR down-regulation by specific siRNAs, were examined for regulation of osteoclastogenesis, using a well-validated in-vitro model starting from RAW264.7 precursor cells. Both pharmacological and molecular approaches reduced osteoclast maturation of RAW264.7 cells induced by receptor-activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), which limited the transcription of several differentiation markers evaluated by real-time PCR, including nuclear factor of activated T-cell 1, matrix metalloproteinase-9, cathepsin-K, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. These treatments were ineffective on the subsequent step of osteoclast syncytium formation, apparently as a consequence of reduction of C5aR mRNA levels in the course of osteoclastogenesis, as monitored by real-time PCR. Among the C5aR antagonists analyzed, DF3016A inhibited osteoclast degradation activity through inhibition of C5aR signal transduction and transcription. These data confirm the preclinical relevance of this novel therapeutic candidate.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/713818
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