Aims Primary aim was to investigate the value and safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) during follow-up (FU) of splenic, hepatic and renal post-traumatic injuries in a pediatric population. Secondary aim was to extrapolate appropriate timing of FU-CEUS. Methods In a retrospective study, post-traumatic parenchymal injuries diagnosed with CT or CEUS, were subjected to non-operative management and followed with CEUS. Results Forty-six patients were enrolled, with isolated or combined injuries, for a total of 30 splenic, 15 hepatic and 12 renal injuries. At admission 42/46 patients underwent CT and 4/46 underwent CEUS. During FU a total of 65 CEUS were performed: 16 within 72 h to check delayed active bleeding or parenchymal rupture; 24 between 5 and 10 days post admission, to pose indication to active mobilization or to discharge; 21 between 20 and 60 days post admission to document complete healing of the lesion or pose indication to discharge in most severe injuries. No complications related to CEUS were encountered. Conclusions CEUS is valuable and safe to follow patients with post-traumatic abdominal injuries, even if further data are needed for renal injuries. We propose a tailored approach based on injury grade and clinical course: in the first 3 days only in case of delayed bleeding or rupture suspect; between 5 and 10 days post trauma to ensure a safe active mobilization and/or pose indication to discharge, and over 20-30 days post trauma to pose indication to discharge in most severe injuries or document complete healing and permit return to sport activities.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the follow-up of pediatric abdominal injuries: value and timing

Di Renzo, Dacia
Primo
;
Lisi, Gabriele;Miscia, Maria Enrica;Lauriti, Giuseppe;Lelli Chiesa, Pierluigi
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Aims Primary aim was to investigate the value and safety of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) during follow-up (FU) of splenic, hepatic and renal post-traumatic injuries in a pediatric population. Secondary aim was to extrapolate appropriate timing of FU-CEUS. Methods In a retrospective study, post-traumatic parenchymal injuries diagnosed with CT or CEUS, were subjected to non-operative management and followed with CEUS. Results Forty-six patients were enrolled, with isolated or combined injuries, for a total of 30 splenic, 15 hepatic and 12 renal injuries. At admission 42/46 patients underwent CT and 4/46 underwent CEUS. During FU a total of 65 CEUS were performed: 16 within 72 h to check delayed active bleeding or parenchymal rupture; 24 between 5 and 10 days post admission, to pose indication to active mobilization or to discharge; 21 between 20 and 60 days post admission to document complete healing of the lesion or pose indication to discharge in most severe injuries. No complications related to CEUS were encountered. Conclusions CEUS is valuable and safe to follow patients with post-traumatic abdominal injuries, even if further data are needed for renal injuries. We propose a tailored approach based on injury grade and clinical course: in the first 3 days only in case of delayed bleeding or rupture suspect; between 5 and 10 days post trauma to ensure a safe active mobilization and/or pose indication to discharge, and over 20-30 days post trauma to pose indication to discharge in most severe injuries or document complete healing and permit return to sport activities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/714215
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