AIMS: To describe clinical and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) features of neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) without clinically visible signs. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of 27 eyes of 14 patients who had continuous severe ocular pain for one or more years, with minimal or no ocular surface signs and were non-responsive to topical lubricants, steroids and/or ciclosporin. All patients were evaluated using Ocular Surface Disease Index, Oxford grading scale, Schirmer test 1, Cochet Bonnet esthesiometry and response to topical anaesthesia. Central and paracentral regions of the cornea of patients and seven healthy controls were studied by IVCM. Corneal epithelial thickness and sub-basal nerve density were measured in patients and controls. RESULTS: Four patients responded to topical anaesthesia (responsive group (RG)), indicating peripheral NCP while 10 patients did not show any improvement (non-responsive group (NRG)), indicating central NCP. Schirmer-1 test was within normal limits in the RG but significantly greater in the NRG (p<0.001). None of the other clinical parameters nor corneal epithelial thickness were statistically significantly different. The sub-basal nerve density was significantly reduced (p<0.008) in patients compared with controls. Stroma of all patients demonstrated activated keratocytes and spindle, lateral and stump microneuromas. There was a statistically significant greater number of microneuromas (p<0.0001) and activated keratocytes in RG compared with NRG.

Clinical and in vivo confocal microscopic features of neuropathic corneal pain

Nubile M.;Mastropasqua L.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

AIMS: To describe clinical and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) features of neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) without clinically visible signs. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of 27 eyes of 14 patients who had continuous severe ocular pain for one or more years, with minimal or no ocular surface signs and were non-responsive to topical lubricants, steroids and/or ciclosporin. All patients were evaluated using Ocular Surface Disease Index, Oxford grading scale, Schirmer test 1, Cochet Bonnet esthesiometry and response to topical anaesthesia. Central and paracentral regions of the cornea of patients and seven healthy controls were studied by IVCM. Corneal epithelial thickness and sub-basal nerve density were measured in patients and controls. RESULTS: Four patients responded to topical anaesthesia (responsive group (RG)), indicating peripheral NCP while 10 patients did not show any improvement (non-responsive group (NRG)), indicating central NCP. Schirmer-1 test was within normal limits in the RG but significantly greater in the NRG (p<0.001). None of the other clinical parameters nor corneal epithelial thickness were statistically significantly different. The sub-basal nerve density was significantly reduced (p<0.008) in patients compared with controls. Stroma of all patients demonstrated activated keratocytes and spindle, lateral and stump microneuromas. There was a statistically significant greater number of microneuromas (p<0.0001) and activated keratocytes in RG compared with NRG.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/715140
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