BACKGROUND: To date, serological markers to monitor melanoma progression and response to therapy are lacking. In this context cytokines appear to be promising biomarkers of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To compare cytokine and chemokine levels in melanoma patients and in healthy controls and to assess possible variations according to melanoma stage. METHODS: Serum chemokine and cytokine levels were determined by ELISA in 34 patients diagnosed histologically of malignant melanoma. Seven healthy volunteers were used as controls. RESULTS: We found a subset of cytokines (CCL3, CCL4, IFN-γ and IL-10) to be significantly higher in melanoma patients than in control group, thus confirming the importance of the inflammation in cancer. While CCL3 increased with tumor progression, IFN-γ and IL-10 showed higher levels in stage I patients. Moreover, we noticed a direct correlation between CCL3 level and the presence of ulceration in the primary tumor; on the contrary, CCL4, IL-10 and IFN-γ were lowered down in patients with ulcerated melanoma.

Serological landscape of cytokines in cutaneous melanoma

Di Martino, G;D'Urbano, M;Auriemma, M;Di Giovanni, P;Panarese, F;Staniscia, T;Amerio, P;Paganelli, R
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To date, serological markers to monitor melanoma progression and response to therapy are lacking. In this context cytokines appear to be promising biomarkers of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To compare cytokine and chemokine levels in melanoma patients and in healthy controls and to assess possible variations according to melanoma stage. METHODS: Serum chemokine and cytokine levels were determined by ELISA in 34 patients diagnosed histologically of malignant melanoma. Seven healthy volunteers were used as controls. RESULTS: We found a subset of cytokines (CCL3, CCL4, IFN-γ and IL-10) to be significantly higher in melanoma patients than in control group, thus confirming the importance of the inflammation in cancer. While CCL3 increased with tumor progression, IFN-γ and IL-10 showed higher levels in stage I patients. Moreover, we noticed a direct correlation between CCL3 level and the presence of ulceration in the primary tumor; on the contrary, CCL4, IL-10 and IFN-γ were lowered down in patients with ulcerated melanoma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/715212
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