The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recently updated their clinical practice guidelines. The most novel aspect of this update is represented by the introduction of DOACs as pharmacological options both for prophylaxis and treatment of VTE in patients with cancer. The heterogeneity of the cancer population in terms of type and stage of the malignancy, presence of comorbidities, and variability in cancer treatments and prognosis represent the major challenge of managing VTE in patients with cancer. The use of VTE prophylaxis is currently recommended in cancer patients admitted to the hospital for an acute illness or reduced mobility, but no sufficient information is available on the risk of bleeding during thromboprophylaxis. Concerning the thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, further refinement of existing risk models or development of new models are needed for improving risk stratification to identify high-risk cancer patients. The updated ASCO guidelines recommend the use of DOACs (edoxaban and rivaroxaban) for treatment of VTE in patients with cancer. However, Major concerns on “real-life” use of DOACs in patients with cancer are highlighted especially for the bleeding risk in patients with gastrointestinal cancers and the potential drug-drug interactions with specific anticancer therapies. Conclusions: Uncertainties to the updated ASCO guidelines remain concerning a number of indications on prophylaxis and treatment due to the limited evidence available. These limitations determine the low strength of the recommendations. The ongoing studies will contribute to refine the best management of patients with cancer–associated VTE.

Management of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients: Considerations about the clinical practice guideline update of the American society of clinical oncology

Di Nisio M.
2020

Abstract

The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) recently updated their clinical practice guidelines. The most novel aspect of this update is represented by the introduction of DOACs as pharmacological options both for prophylaxis and treatment of VTE in patients with cancer. The heterogeneity of the cancer population in terms of type and stage of the malignancy, presence of comorbidities, and variability in cancer treatments and prognosis represent the major challenge of managing VTE in patients with cancer. The use of VTE prophylaxis is currently recommended in cancer patients admitted to the hospital for an acute illness or reduced mobility, but no sufficient information is available on the risk of bleeding during thromboprophylaxis. Concerning the thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, further refinement of existing risk models or development of new models are needed for improving risk stratification to identify high-risk cancer patients. The updated ASCO guidelines recommend the use of DOACs (edoxaban and rivaroxaban) for treatment of VTE in patients with cancer. However, Major concerns on “real-life” use of DOACs in patients with cancer are highlighted especially for the bleeding risk in patients with gastrointestinal cancers and the potential drug-drug interactions with specific anticancer therapies. Conclusions: Uncertainties to the updated ASCO guidelines remain concerning a number of indications on prophylaxis and treatment due to the limited evidence available. These limitations determine the low strength of the recommendations. The ongoing studies will contribute to refine the best management of patients with cancer–associated VTE.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019_Verso-EurJInternMed2019.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 191.77 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
191.77 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/716546
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact