Biologically active prenyoxyphenylpropanoids are well known to be biosynthesized by Citrus species, for which they have been found most abundantly in fruit peels. Although several extraction methodologies have been described, the development of novel and alternative extraction processes is a field of research of current interest. In this preliminary communication, we studied the performance of the subcritical butane promoted extraction of selected oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids from grapefruit peels under a counter-current mode using a handmade extraction apparatus coupled to UHPLC analysis. The application of such a method yielded 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and boropinic acid in quantities higher than those recorded for other extraction methodologies like the ultrasound- and microwave-assisted macerations (0.234, 1.035, and 0.211 mg/g of dry extract respectively). The use of subcritical butane as the extraction solvent for oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids is reported herein for the first time and can be easily adopted for several other food matrices.

A novel and efficient subcritical butane extraction method and UHPLC analysis of oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids from grapefruits peels

Genovese S.;Epifano F.
;
Preziuso F.;Stefanucci A.;Scotti L.;Bucciarelli T.;di Profio P.;Canale V.;Fiorito S.
2020

Abstract

Biologically active prenyoxyphenylpropanoids are well known to be biosynthesized by Citrus species, for which they have been found most abundantly in fruit peels. Although several extraction methodologies have been described, the development of novel and alternative extraction processes is a field of research of current interest. In this preliminary communication, we studied the performance of the subcritical butane promoted extraction of selected oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids from grapefruit peels under a counter-current mode using a handmade extraction apparatus coupled to UHPLC analysis. The application of such a method yielded 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and boropinic acid in quantities higher than those recorded for other extraction methodologies like the ultrasound- and microwave-assisted macerations (0.234, 1.035, and 0.211 mg/g of dry extract respectively). The use of subcritical butane as the extraction solvent for oxyprenylated phenylpropanoids is reported herein for the first time and can be easily adopted for several other food matrices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/717667
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