The members of the class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family can be activated by several stimuli, indicating that these enzymes can regulate many intracellular processes. Nevertheless, to date, there has been no definitive identification of their in vivo product, their mechanism(s) of activation, or their precise intracellular roles. By metabolic labeling, we here identify phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate as the sole in vivo product of the insulin-dependent activation of PI3K-C2α, confirming the emerging role of such a phosphoinositide in signaling. We demonstrate that activation of PI3K-C2α involves its recruitment to the plasma membrane and that activation is mediated by the GTPase TC10. This is the first report showing a membrane targeting-mediated mechanism of activation for PI3K-C2α and that a small GTP-binding protein can activate a class II PI3K isoform. We also demonstrate that PI3K-C2α contributes to maximal insulin-induced translocation of the glucose transporter GLUT4 to the plasma membrane and subsequent glucose uptake, definitely assessing the role of this enzyme in insulin signaling. © 2007 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

The role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2α in insulin signaling

Sala G.;
2007

Abstract

The members of the class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) family can be activated by several stimuli, indicating that these enzymes can regulate many intracellular processes. Nevertheless, to date, there has been no definitive identification of their in vivo product, their mechanism(s) of activation, or their precise intracellular roles. By metabolic labeling, we here identify phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate as the sole in vivo product of the insulin-dependent activation of PI3K-C2α, confirming the emerging role of such a phosphoinositide in signaling. We demonstrate that activation of PI3K-C2α involves its recruitment to the plasma membrane and that activation is mediated by the GTPase TC10. This is the first report showing a membrane targeting-mediated mechanism of activation for PI3K-C2α and that a small GTP-binding protein can activate a class II PI3K isoform. We also demonstrate that PI3K-C2α contributes to maximal insulin-induced translocation of the glucose transporter GLUT4 to the plasma membrane and subsequent glucose uptake, definitely assessing the role of this enzyme in insulin signaling. © 2007 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/718126
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 60
  • Scopus 130
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 117
social impact