Rationale:The plantar fascia (PF) is an important anatomical structure that stabilizes the longitudinal arch of the foot. While plantar fasciitis is a common pathology affecting the foot, tears of the PF are uncommon injuries characterized by acute pain in the plantar aspect of the foot. The main purpose of this paper was to describe, in detail, how the ultrasonographic pattern of PF rupture can be combined with the clinical features to define the prognosis and promptly plan the therapeutic approach.Patient concerns:In the first case, a 39-year-old male patient was seen due to acute pain in the mid plantar foot which appeared 3 days after a tennis match. The pain was accompanied by a "snap" noise and intense pain. In the second case, a 44-year-old male patient was seen due to pain in the heel region which appeared 2 days after a running session.Diagnosis:One case of noninsertional complete tear of the central bundle of the PF with retraction of the 2 stumps and 1 case of partial tear of the central bundle of the PF at the level of the insertional region.Interventions:Both patients were treated with conservative therapies including load management, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, foot orthosis, and restriction of sport activities.Outcomes:At follow-up, the patient with spontaneous complete tear of the PF (noninsertional area) showed a small fibrous bridge between the 2 stumps, with partial alignment of the proximal and distal portions, the ability to walk for a medium to long-distance, and difficulty going up and downstairs. The patient with the spontaneous partial tear (insertional area) showed complete fibrous scar tissue with restoration of the fascial continuity, and the ability to walk for a long-distance and go up and downstairs without pain.Lessons:Based on the clinical and ultrasonographic findings, we suggest that partial tear of the PF in the insertional region presents a favorable prognosis with complete recovery, both clinically and anatomically, while a complete tear in the noninsertional region is associated with partial functional and histological recovery when managed with a conservative approach. Therefore, coupling the clinical findings with the sonohistologic pattern is a valuable approach to plan the most suitable treatment for patients with spontaneous PF tear.

Ultrasound follow-up of spontaneous tears of the plantar fascia treated with conservative therapies: Two case reports

Boccatonda A.;Abate M.;Guagnano M. T.;Schiavone C.
2019

Abstract

Rationale:The plantar fascia (PF) is an important anatomical structure that stabilizes the longitudinal arch of the foot. While plantar fasciitis is a common pathology affecting the foot, tears of the PF are uncommon injuries characterized by acute pain in the plantar aspect of the foot. The main purpose of this paper was to describe, in detail, how the ultrasonographic pattern of PF rupture can be combined with the clinical features to define the prognosis and promptly plan the therapeutic approach.Patient concerns:In the first case, a 39-year-old male patient was seen due to acute pain in the mid plantar foot which appeared 3 days after a tennis match. The pain was accompanied by a "snap" noise and intense pain. In the second case, a 44-year-old male patient was seen due to pain in the heel region which appeared 2 days after a running session.Diagnosis:One case of noninsertional complete tear of the central bundle of the PF with retraction of the 2 stumps and 1 case of partial tear of the central bundle of the PF at the level of the insertional region.Interventions:Both patients were treated with conservative therapies including load management, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, foot orthosis, and restriction of sport activities.Outcomes:At follow-up, the patient with spontaneous complete tear of the PF (noninsertional area) showed a small fibrous bridge between the 2 stumps, with partial alignment of the proximal and distal portions, the ability to walk for a medium to long-distance, and difficulty going up and downstairs. The patient with the spontaneous partial tear (insertional area) showed complete fibrous scar tissue with restoration of the fascial continuity, and the ability to walk for a long-distance and go up and downstairs without pain.Lessons:Based on the clinical and ultrasonographic findings, we suggest that partial tear of the PF in the insertional region presents a favorable prognosis with complete recovery, both clinically and anatomically, while a complete tear in the noninsertional region is associated with partial functional and histological recovery when managed with a conservative approach. Therefore, coupling the clinical findings with the sonohistologic pattern is a valuable approach to plan the most suitable treatment for patients with spontaneous PF tear.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Ultrasound_follow_up_of_spontaneous_tears.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Clinical Case Report
Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 485.45 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
485.45 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/718763
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact