Background: In Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis, both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and FDG-PET sometimes give inconclusive results. Objective: To evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of FDG-PET over CSF biomarkers, and vice versa, in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and suspected AD, in which the first biomarker resulted inconclusive. Methods: A consecutive series of MCI patients was retrospectively selected from two Memory Clinics where, as per clinical routine, either the first biomarker choice is FDG-PET and CSF biomarkers are only used in patients with uninformative FDG-PET, or vice versa. We defined criteria of uncertainty in interpretation of FDG-PET and CSF biomarkers, according to current evidence. The final diagnosis was established according to clinical-neuropsychological follow-up of at least one year (mean 4.4±2.2). Results: When CSF was used as second biomarker after FDG-PET, 14 out of 36 (39%) received informative results. Among these 14 patients, 11 (79%) were correctly classified with respect to final diagnosis, thus with a relative incremental value of CSF over FDG-PET of 30.6%. When FDG-PET was used as second biomarker, 26 out of 39 (67%) received informative results. Among these 26 patients, 15 (58%) were correctly classified by FDG-PET with respect to final diagnosis, thus with a relative incremental value over CSF of 38.5%. Conclusion: Our real-world data confirm the added values of FDG-PET (or CSF) in a diagnostic pathway where CSF (or FDG-PET) was used as first biomarkers in suspected AD. These findings should be replicated in larger studies with prospective enrolment according to a Phase III design.

Reciprocal Incremental Value of 18F-FDG-PET and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers in Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients Suspected for Alzheimer's Disease and Inconclusive First Biomarker

Bonanni L.
2019

Abstract

Background: In Alzheimer's disease (AD) diagnosis, both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers and FDG-PET sometimes give inconclusive results. Objective: To evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of FDG-PET over CSF biomarkers, and vice versa, in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and suspected AD, in which the first biomarker resulted inconclusive. Methods: A consecutive series of MCI patients was retrospectively selected from two Memory Clinics where, as per clinical routine, either the first biomarker choice is FDG-PET and CSF biomarkers are only used in patients with uninformative FDG-PET, or vice versa. We defined criteria of uncertainty in interpretation of FDG-PET and CSF biomarkers, according to current evidence. The final diagnosis was established according to clinical-neuropsychological follow-up of at least one year (mean 4.4±2.2). Results: When CSF was used as second biomarker after FDG-PET, 14 out of 36 (39%) received informative results. Among these 14 patients, 11 (79%) were correctly classified with respect to final diagnosis, thus with a relative incremental value of CSF over FDG-PET of 30.6%. When FDG-PET was used as second biomarker, 26 out of 39 (67%) received informative results. Among these 26 patients, 15 (58%) were correctly classified by FDG-PET with respect to final diagnosis, thus with a relative incremental value over CSF of 38.5%. Conclusion: Our real-world data confirm the added values of FDG-PET (or CSF) in a diagnostic pathway where CSF (or FDG-PET) was used as first biomarkers in suspected AD. These findings should be replicated in larger studies with prospective enrolment according to a Phase III design.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/719888
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