Background. To date, insertion torque value (ITV) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) obtained by the Osstell instrument are common clinical methods to assess the initial stability of an implant for a predictable loading procedure. &e aim of this current study is to evaluate the ITV and ISQ as stability parameters as part of the decision-making protocol in the adoption of immediate loading in fresh extraction sockets. Materials and Methods. A total of 41 tapered implants were allocated into two groups: The test group (n ? 11; 3 males and 8 females; mean age: 62.8 ± 10.7) which received 18 implants as type 1 fresh extraction sockets after teeth removal and the control group (n ? 7; 4 males and 3 females; mean age: 65.4 ± 9.7) which received 23 implants placed in healed sockets for a period of at least 3 months. Both the ITV and ISQ data were recorded at the time of insertion (t0). Since ITV (test group) and ITV/ISQ (control group) values were useful for the immediate loading protocol, a screw-retained temporary crown was immediately loaded. ISQ values were recorded after a healing period of 4 months (t1). Results. ITV mean values at t0 in test and control groups were, respectively, 48.61 ± 15.39 and 70.47 ± 14.71, whereas ISQ mean values were 57.55 ± 1.93 and 72.86 ± 5.25, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference (p value < 0.001). ISQ mean values at t1 in either the test or the control group were 68.68 ± 4.20 and 74.54 ± 4.17, not showing a statistical difference. &e implant survival rate was 100% in both groups, and no surgical and prosthetic complications were reported during the study. Conclusion. In conclusion, this study remarked the presence of a residual gap that influenced the ISQ during implant insertion in fresh extraction sockets making this parameter not sufficient for a conclusive decision in the immediate loading, whereas the ITV alone showed to be the best parameter for a final substantial decision.

A retrospective study on insertion torque and implant stability quotient (isq) as stability parameters for immediate loading of implants in fresh extraction sockets

Scarano A.
;
Vito D. D.;
2019

Abstract

Background. To date, insertion torque value (ITV) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) obtained by the Osstell instrument are common clinical methods to assess the initial stability of an implant for a predictable loading procedure. &e aim of this current study is to evaluate the ITV and ISQ as stability parameters as part of the decision-making protocol in the adoption of immediate loading in fresh extraction sockets. Materials and Methods. A total of 41 tapered implants were allocated into two groups: The test group (n ? 11; 3 males and 8 females; mean age: 62.8 ± 10.7) which received 18 implants as type 1 fresh extraction sockets after teeth removal and the control group (n ? 7; 4 males and 3 females; mean age: 65.4 ± 9.7) which received 23 implants placed in healed sockets for a period of at least 3 months. Both the ITV and ISQ data were recorded at the time of insertion (t0). Since ITV (test group) and ITV/ISQ (control group) values were useful for the immediate loading protocol, a screw-retained temporary crown was immediately loaded. ISQ values were recorded after a healing period of 4 months (t1). Results. ITV mean values at t0 in test and control groups were, respectively, 48.61 ± 15.39 and 70.47 ± 14.71, whereas ISQ mean values were 57.55 ± 1.93 and 72.86 ± 5.25, respectively, showing a statistically significant difference (p value < 0.001). ISQ mean values at t1 in either the test or the control group were 68.68 ± 4.20 and 74.54 ± 4.17, not showing a statistical difference. &e implant survival rate was 100% in both groups, and no surgical and prosthetic complications were reported during the study. Conclusion. In conclusion, this study remarked the presence of a residual gap that influenced the ISQ during implant insertion in fresh extraction sockets making this parameter not sufficient for a conclusive decision in the immediate loading, whereas the ITV alone showed to be the best parameter for a final substantial decision.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/720197
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