The human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (hPDLSCs) exhibit self-renewal capacity and clonogenicity potential. The Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) secreted by hPDLSCs are particles containing lipids, proteins, mRNAs, and non-coding RNAs, among which microRNAs, that are important in intercellular communication. The purpose of this study was the analysis of the non-coding RNAs contained in the EVs derived from hPDLSCs using Next Generation Sequencing. Moreover, our data were enriched using bioinformatic tools. The analysis highlighted the presence of non-coding RNAs and five microRNAs: MIR24-2, MIR142, MIR335, MIR490, and MIR296. Our results show that these miRNAs target the genes classified in two terms of the Gene Ontology“Ras protein signal transduction” and “Actin/microtubule cytoskeleton organization.” Noteworthy, the in-deep analysis of our EVs highlights that the miRNAs could be implicated in the silencing of proto-oncogenes involved in 12 different types of tumors.

Extracellular vesicles of human periodontal ligament stem cells contain microRNAs associated to proto-oncogenes: Implications in cytokinesis

Marconi G. D.;Pizzicannella J.;Trubiani O.;
2020

Abstract

The human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (hPDLSCs) exhibit self-renewal capacity and clonogenicity potential. The Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) secreted by hPDLSCs are particles containing lipids, proteins, mRNAs, and non-coding RNAs, among which microRNAs, that are important in intercellular communication. The purpose of this study was the analysis of the non-coding RNAs contained in the EVs derived from hPDLSCs using Next Generation Sequencing. Moreover, our data were enriched using bioinformatic tools. The analysis highlighted the presence of non-coding RNAs and five microRNAs: MIR24-2, MIR142, MIR335, MIR490, and MIR296. Our results show that these miRNAs target the genes classified in two terms of the Gene Ontology“Ras protein signal transduction” and “Actin/microtubule cytoskeleton organization.” Noteworthy, the in-deep analysis of our EVs highlights that the miRNAs could be implicated in the silencing of proto-oncogenes involved in 12 different types of tumors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/724804
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