The combined use of different therapeutic agents in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders is a promising strategy to halt the disease progression. In this context, we aimed to combine the anti-inflammatory properties of geraniol (GER) with the mitochondrial rescue effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in a newly-synthesized prodrug, GER-UDCA, a potential candidate against Parkinson's disease (PD). GER-UDCA was successfully synthetized and characterized in vitro for its ability to release the active compounds in physiological environments. Because of its very poor solubility, GER-UDCA was entrapped into both lipid (SLNs) and polymeric (NPs) nanoparticles in order to explore nose-to-brain pathway towards brain targeting. Both GER-UDCA nanocarriers displayed size below 200 nm, negative zeta potential and the ability to increase the aqueous dissolution rate of the prodrug. As SLNs exhibited the higher GER-UDCA dissolution rate, this formulation was selected for the in vivo GER-UDCA brain targeting experiments. The nasal administration of GER-UDCA-SLNs (1 mg/kg of GER-UDCA) allowed to detect the prodrug in rat cerebrospinal fluid (concentration range = 1.1 to 4.65 μg/mL, 30–150 min after the administration), but not in the bloodstream, thus suggesting the direct nose to brain delivery of the prodrug. Finally, histopathological evaluation demonstrated that, in contrast to the pure GER, nasal administration of GER-UDCA-SLNs did not damage the structural integrity of the nasal mucosa. In conclusion, the present data suggest that GER-UDCA-SLNs could provide an effective and non-invasive approach to boost the access of GER and UDCA to the brain with low dosages.

Nasal administration of nanoencapsulated geraniol/ursodeoxycholic acid conjugate: Towards a new approach for the management of Parkinson's disease

Beggiato S.;
2020

Abstract

The combined use of different therapeutic agents in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders is a promising strategy to halt the disease progression. In this context, we aimed to combine the anti-inflammatory properties of geraniol (GER) with the mitochondrial rescue effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in a newly-synthesized prodrug, GER-UDCA, a potential candidate against Parkinson's disease (PD). GER-UDCA was successfully synthetized and characterized in vitro for its ability to release the active compounds in physiological environments. Because of its very poor solubility, GER-UDCA was entrapped into both lipid (SLNs) and polymeric (NPs) nanoparticles in order to explore nose-to-brain pathway towards brain targeting. Both GER-UDCA nanocarriers displayed size below 200 nm, negative zeta potential and the ability to increase the aqueous dissolution rate of the prodrug. As SLNs exhibited the higher GER-UDCA dissolution rate, this formulation was selected for the in vivo GER-UDCA brain targeting experiments. The nasal administration of GER-UDCA-SLNs (1 mg/kg of GER-UDCA) allowed to detect the prodrug in rat cerebrospinal fluid (concentration range = 1.1 to 4.65 μg/mL, 30–150 min after the administration), but not in the bloodstream, thus suggesting the direct nose to brain delivery of the prodrug. Finally, histopathological evaluation demonstrated that, in contrast to the pure GER, nasal administration of GER-UDCA-SLNs did not damage the structural integrity of the nasal mucosa. In conclusion, the present data suggest that GER-UDCA-SLNs could provide an effective and non-invasive approach to boost the access of GER and UDCA to the brain with low dosages.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0168365920301231-main.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 3.17 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.17 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/725264
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 34
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact