Purpose: To determine the global prevalence for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and identify CDHrelated risk factors. Methods: Using a defined strategy, a systematic review of the literature was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, searching for population-based epidemiological studies to evaluate the prevalence of CDH globally and per country. Studies containing overlapping populations or timeframes were excluded. CDH-related risk factors were calculated by meta-analysis using RevMan5.3 and expressed as risk ratio and 95% confidence interval. Results: Prevalence: Of 8230 abstracts screened, 30 full-text articles published between 1980 and 2019 were included. The overall prevalence of CDH was 2.3 in 10,000 births (16,710 CDH babies in 73,663,758 livebirths). Risk factors: From 9 studies we found that male sex [RR 1.38 (1.05–1.80), p=0.02] and maternal age N35 years [RR 1.69 (1.26–2.25), p=0.0004] were associated with CDH. Conversely, maternal black ethnicity resulted as a protective factor [RR 0.82 (0.77–0.89, pb0.00001]. Conclusion: This study reveals that there is a worldwide paucity of population-based studies, and those studies that report on prevalence and risk factors come from a small number of countries. The prevalence of CDH varies within and across geographicalworld regions. The main risk factors for CDHidentified aremale sex and oldermaternal age.More epidemiological studies, involving moreworld regions, are needed to identify possible strategies to help strengthen our understanding of the risk factors, provide clinicians with the tools necessary for prenatal and postnatal counseling, and informpolicy makers on howto strategize CDH care in different parts of the world.

Prevalence and risk factors for congenital diaphragmatic hernia: A global view

Lauriti, Giuseppe
Penultimo
;
2020

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the global prevalence for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and identify CDHrelated risk factors. Methods: Using a defined strategy, a systematic review of the literature was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines, searching for population-based epidemiological studies to evaluate the prevalence of CDH globally and per country. Studies containing overlapping populations or timeframes were excluded. CDH-related risk factors were calculated by meta-analysis using RevMan5.3 and expressed as risk ratio and 95% confidence interval. Results: Prevalence: Of 8230 abstracts screened, 30 full-text articles published between 1980 and 2019 were included. The overall prevalence of CDH was 2.3 in 10,000 births (16,710 CDH babies in 73,663,758 livebirths). Risk factors: From 9 studies we found that male sex [RR 1.38 (1.05–1.80), p=0.02] and maternal age N35 years [RR 1.69 (1.26–2.25), p=0.0004] were associated with CDH. Conversely, maternal black ethnicity resulted as a protective factor [RR 0.82 (0.77–0.89, pb0.00001]. Conclusion: This study reveals that there is a worldwide paucity of population-based studies, and those studies that report on prevalence and risk factors come from a small number of countries. The prevalence of CDH varies within and across geographicalworld regions. The main risk factors for CDHidentified aremale sex and oldermaternal age.More epidemiological studies, involving moreworld regions, are needed to identify possible strategies to help strengthen our understanding of the risk factors, provide clinicians with the tools necessary for prenatal and postnatal counseling, and informpolicy makers on howto strategize CDH care in different parts of the world.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/726787
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