Solid phase extraction is nowadays a well validated and powerful technique applicable to complex matrices like plant extracts and phytocomplexes. This process provides concentration and/or purification of selected secondary metabolites from these matrices for subsequent analysis and isolation. In this research article sixteen lamellar solids, comprising layered structures (hydrotalcites, zirconium phosphates, magnesium hydroxide), magnesium oxide, and the phyllosilicates talc and bentonite were investigated for their capacity and performance to selectively adsorb five naturally occurring and widespread anthraquinones (aloe, aloe-emodin, rhein, chrysophanol, and physcion) contained in three ethanolic extracts of well known plants with purgative effects (frangula, senna, and rhubarb). Ethanolic solutions of extracts from these species were vigorously magnetically stirred with fixed quantities of each solid support at room temperature for 1 h. Subsequent HPLC analysis, coupled to photodiode array detection, revealed that, among the solids tested, the hydrotalcite zinc aluminum oleate and magnesium aluminum azelate and magnesium oxide were largely the most effective to this concern allowing to recover anthraquinones (all or some) in good to excellent percentages. Another interesting result was the selective and total removal of rhein by some sorbents from senna and rhubarb extracts. Sorbents were also recyclable and could be re-used to accomplish additional steps without appreciable loss of adsorption capacity. The application of the title solid inorganic and mixed inorganic/organic supports for the selective adsorption and concentration in the solid phase of anthraquinones from commonly used laxative plant species is reported herein for the first time.

Solid Phase Adsorption of Anthraquinones from Plant Extracts by Lamellar Solids

Epifano F;Genovese S
;
Marchetti L;Palumbo L;Fiorito S
2020

Abstract

Solid phase extraction is nowadays a well validated and powerful technique applicable to complex matrices like plant extracts and phytocomplexes. This process provides concentration and/or purification of selected secondary metabolites from these matrices for subsequent analysis and isolation. In this research article sixteen lamellar solids, comprising layered structures (hydrotalcites, zirconium phosphates, magnesium hydroxide), magnesium oxide, and the phyllosilicates talc and bentonite were investigated for their capacity and performance to selectively adsorb five naturally occurring and widespread anthraquinones (aloe, aloe-emodin, rhein, chrysophanol, and physcion) contained in three ethanolic extracts of well known plants with purgative effects (frangula, senna, and rhubarb). Ethanolic solutions of extracts from these species were vigorously magnetically stirred with fixed quantities of each solid support at room temperature for 1 h. Subsequent HPLC analysis, coupled to photodiode array detection, revealed that, among the solids tested, the hydrotalcite zinc aluminum oleate and magnesium aluminum azelate and magnesium oxide were largely the most effective to this concern allowing to recover anthraquinones (all or some) in good to excellent percentages. Another interesting result was the selective and total removal of rhein by some sorbents from senna and rhubarb extracts. Sorbents were also recyclable and could be re-used to accomplish additional steps without appreciable loss of adsorption capacity. The application of the title solid inorganic and mixed inorganic/organic supports for the selective adsorption and concentration in the solid phase of anthraquinones from commonly used laxative plant species is reported herein for the first time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/728241
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