The diffusion of SARS-CoV-2, starting from China in December 2019, has led to a pandemic, reaching Italy in February 2020. Previous studies in Asia have shown that the median duration of SARS-CoV-2 viral shedding was approximately 12-20 days. We considered a cohort of patients recovered from COVID-19 showing that the median disease duration between onset and end of COVID-19 symptoms was 27.5 days (interquartile range (IQR): 17.0-33.2) and that the median duration between onset of symptoms and microbiological healing, defined by two consecutive negative nasopharyngeal swabs, was 38 days (IQR: 31.7-50.2). A longer duration of COVID-19 with delayed clinical healing (symptom-free) occurred in patients presenting at admission a lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio (p < 0.001), a more severe clinical presentation (p = 0.001) and a lower lymphocyte count (p = 0.035). Moreover, patients presenting at admission a lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio and more severe disease showed longer viral shedding (p = 0.031 and p = 0.032, respectively). In addition, patients treated with corticosteroids had delayed clinical healing (p = 0.013).

Duration of COVID-19: Data from an Italian Cohort and Potential Role for Steroids

D'Ardes, Damiano;Pontolillo, Michela;Esposito, Lucia;Masciarelli, Mara;Boccatonda, Andrea;Rossi, Ilaria;Bucci, Marco;Guagnano, Maria Teresa;Ucciferri, Claudio;Santilli, Francesca;Di Nicola, Marta;Falasca, Katia;Vecchiet, Jacopo;Cipollone, Francesco
2020

Abstract

The diffusion of SARS-CoV-2, starting from China in December 2019, has led to a pandemic, reaching Italy in February 2020. Previous studies in Asia have shown that the median duration of SARS-CoV-2 viral shedding was approximately 12-20 days. We considered a cohort of patients recovered from COVID-19 showing that the median disease duration between onset and end of COVID-19 symptoms was 27.5 days (interquartile range (IQR): 17.0-33.2) and that the median duration between onset of symptoms and microbiological healing, defined by two consecutive negative nasopharyngeal swabs, was 38 days (IQR: 31.7-50.2). A longer duration of COVID-19 with delayed clinical healing (symptom-free) occurred in patients presenting at admission a lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio (p < 0.001), a more severe clinical presentation (p = 0.001) and a lower lymphocyte count (p = 0.035). Moreover, patients presenting at admission a lower PaO2/FiO2 ratio and more severe disease showed longer viral shedding (p = 0.031 and p = 0.032, respectively). In addition, patients treated with corticosteroids had delayed clinical healing (p = 0.013).
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
microorganisms - Duration COVID-19.....pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Dimensione 618.94 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
618.94 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/729983
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact