New strategies are necessary for the prevention of endodontic infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis, a common resistant pathogen and biofilm producer. Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of Near-Infrared (NIR) Light-Emitting Diode (LED) irradiation and different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) alone or combined to each other on the E. faecalis biofilm, on artificial and human dentin surfaces. E. faecalis ATCC 29212 preformed biofilms, on polystyrene wells and on dentin discs, were treated with 880 nm NIR irradiation and NaOCl at 4%, 2.5%, 1% and 0.5% alone and combined to each other (NIR irradiation plus NaOCl 1% or 0.5%) at 5 and 10 min. Treated biofilms were compared to the controls for (i) biofilm biomass evaluation, (ii) CFU count for the quantification of cultivable cells and (iii) cells viability. All the detected experimental conditions displayed a significant reduction of biofilm biomass (p < 0.001) and CFUs/mL (p < 0.01) in respect to the controls on both tested surfaces. The effects on the E. faecalis biomass, colony count and cell viability were not time-dependent except for NaOCl 2.5% and 1% in the biofilm biomass reductions on human dentin discs. NIR-LED irradiation alone showed a reduction of E. faecalis aggregates without interfering with cell viability whereas NaOCl alone expressed a killing effect in a concentration dependent way. The combination of NIR-LED irradiation with NaOCl 1% and 0.5% displayed a double effect of cluster disaggregation and cell killing. In particular, NIR-LED irradiation combined with NaOCl 0.5% displayed an anti-biofilm activity major than those expressed by NaOCl 0.5% alone (p = 0.001) with a reduction of biomass 93% vs 71% and 97% vs 25% after 10 min, on polystyrene wells and human dentin discs, respectively. The innovative use of NIR-LED irradiation combined at short times with low concentration of NaOCl (1% and 0.5%) is capable to reach a significant effect on E. faecalis biofilm, especially on human dentin discs.

Near-infrared NIR irradiation and sodium hypochlorite: An efficacious association to counteract the Enterococcus faecalis biofilm in endodontic infections

D'Ercole S.
;
Di Fermo P.;Di Giulio M.;Di Lodovico S.;Di Campli E.;Scarano A.;Tripodi D.;Cellini L.;Petrini M.
2020

Abstract

New strategies are necessary for the prevention of endodontic infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis, a common resistant pathogen and biofilm producer. Aim of the present study was to compare the effects of Near-Infrared (NIR) Light-Emitting Diode (LED) irradiation and different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) alone or combined to each other on the E. faecalis biofilm, on artificial and human dentin surfaces. E. faecalis ATCC 29212 preformed biofilms, on polystyrene wells and on dentin discs, were treated with 880 nm NIR irradiation and NaOCl at 4%, 2.5%, 1% and 0.5% alone and combined to each other (NIR irradiation plus NaOCl 1% or 0.5%) at 5 and 10 min. Treated biofilms were compared to the controls for (i) biofilm biomass evaluation, (ii) CFU count for the quantification of cultivable cells and (iii) cells viability. All the detected experimental conditions displayed a significant reduction of biofilm biomass (p < 0.001) and CFUs/mL (p < 0.01) in respect to the controls on both tested surfaces. The effects on the E. faecalis biomass, colony count and cell viability were not time-dependent except for NaOCl 2.5% and 1% in the biofilm biomass reductions on human dentin discs. NIR-LED irradiation alone showed a reduction of E. faecalis aggregates without interfering with cell viability whereas NaOCl alone expressed a killing effect in a concentration dependent way. The combination of NIR-LED irradiation with NaOCl 1% and 0.5% displayed a double effect of cluster disaggregation and cell killing. In particular, NIR-LED irradiation combined with NaOCl 0.5% displayed an anti-biofilm activity major than those expressed by NaOCl 0.5% alone (p = 0.001) with a reduction of biomass 93% vs 71% and 97% vs 25% after 10 min, on polystyrene wells and human dentin discs, respectively. The innovative use of NIR-LED irradiation combined at short times with low concentration of NaOCl (1% and 0.5%) is capable to reach a significant effect on E. faecalis biofilm, especially on human dentin discs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/730181
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