Purpose: In this pilot study we reported variation of superficial (SCP) and deep (DCP) capillary plexuses flow in macular and near/mid periphery regions in healthy subjects using widefield swept source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, enroled subjects were imaged with an SS-OCTA system (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA, USA). OCTA scans were taken in primary and extremes of gaze and a montage was automatically created. Quantitative analysis was performed in the macular and peripheral regions. In addition, SCP and DCP variables were further investigated in distinct fields within these three different regions. Results: Fifty-five young healthy subjects (55 eyes) were enroled. The retinal periphery displayed a higher SCP perfusion density (39.6 ± 1.7% and 40.7 ± 1.4%, P < 0.0001) and SCP vessel diameter index (3.5 ± 0.2 and 3.6 ± 0.2, P < 0.0001), in comparison with the macular region. At the DCP level, the retinal periphery was characterized by a lower perfusion density (41.6 ± 3.7% and 37.9 ± 2.9%, P < 0.0001) and vessel length density (14.6 ± 6.0% and 9.9 ± 2.6%, P < 0.0001). In the analysis investigating the DCP in the retinal periphery, the temporal sector was characterized by a reduction in perfusion density, vessel length density, and vessel diameter index. In univariate analysis, the retinal thickness was found to have a significant direct relationship with DCP perfusion density (P < 0.0001), but not with SCP perfusion density (P = 0.712). Conclusions: We report quantitative mapping of the SCP and DCP in healthy individuals. The DCP perfusion appears to have a wide topographical variation, which is strictly dependent on the retinal thickness. © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Royal College of Ophthalmologists.

Widefield topographical analysis of the retinal perfusion and neuroretinal thickness in healthy eyes: a pilot study

Borrelli E.
;
Toto L.;Viggiano P.;Evangelista F.;Palmieri M.;Mastropasqua R.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: In this pilot study we reported variation of superficial (SCP) and deep (DCP) capillary plexuses flow in macular and near/mid periphery regions in healthy subjects using widefield swept source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, enroled subjects were imaged with an SS-OCTA system (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc., Dublin, CA, USA). OCTA scans were taken in primary and extremes of gaze and a montage was automatically created. Quantitative analysis was performed in the macular and peripheral regions. In addition, SCP and DCP variables were further investigated in distinct fields within these three different regions. Results: Fifty-five young healthy subjects (55 eyes) were enroled. The retinal periphery displayed a higher SCP perfusion density (39.6 ± 1.7% and 40.7 ± 1.4%, P < 0.0001) and SCP vessel diameter index (3.5 ± 0.2 and 3.6 ± 0.2, P < 0.0001), in comparison with the macular region. At the DCP level, the retinal periphery was characterized by a lower perfusion density (41.6 ± 3.7% and 37.9 ± 2.9%, P < 0.0001) and vessel length density (14.6 ± 6.0% and 9.9 ± 2.6%, P < 0.0001). In the analysis investigating the DCP in the retinal periphery, the temporal sector was characterized by a reduction in perfusion density, vessel length density, and vessel diameter index. In univariate analysis, the retinal thickness was found to have a significant direct relationship with DCP perfusion density (P < 0.0001), but not with SCP perfusion density (P = 0.712). Conclusions: We report quantitative mapping of the SCP and DCP in healthy individuals. The DCP perfusion appears to have a wide topographical variation, which is strictly dependent on the retinal thickness. © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Royal College of Ophthalmologists.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/733183
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