The style of faulting and distributions of nodal planes are essential input for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. As part of a recent elaboration of a new seismic hazard model for Italy, we defined criteria to parameterize the styles of faulting of expected earthquake ruptures and to evaluate their representativeness in an area-based seismicity model. Using available seismic moment tensors for relevant seismic events (M-W >= 4.5), first arrival focal mechanisms for less recent earthquakes, and also geological data on past activated faults, we collected a database for the last similar to 100 years by gathering a thousand data points for the Italian peninsula and regions around it. In this dataset, we adopted a procedure that consists, in each seismic zone, of separating the available seismic moment tensors into the three main tectonic styles, making a summation within each group, identifying possible nodal plane(s), taking into account the different percentages of styles of faulting, and including where necessary total or partial (even in terms of tectonic style) random source contributions. Referring to the area source model used, for several seismic zones we obtained robust results; e.g., along the central and southern Apennines we expect future earthquakes to be mostly extensional, although in the outer part of the chain reverse and strike-slip events are possible. In the northern part of the Apennines we expect different styles of faulting for different hypocentral depths. In zones characterized by a low seismic moment release, the possible style of faulting of future earthquakes is less clear and it has been represented using different combinations of random sources. The robustness of our results is confirmed when compared with recent relevant earthquakes occurring in Italy.

Style of faulting of expected earthquakes in Italy as an input for seismic hazard modeling

Bruno Pace;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The style of faulting and distributions of nodal planes are essential input for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. As part of a recent elaboration of a new seismic hazard model for Italy, we defined criteria to parameterize the styles of faulting of expected earthquake ruptures and to evaluate their representativeness in an area-based seismicity model. Using available seismic moment tensors for relevant seismic events (M-W >= 4.5), first arrival focal mechanisms for less recent earthquakes, and also geological data on past activated faults, we collected a database for the last similar to 100 years by gathering a thousand data points for the Italian peninsula and regions around it. In this dataset, we adopted a procedure that consists, in each seismic zone, of separating the available seismic moment tensors into the three main tectonic styles, making a summation within each group, identifying possible nodal plane(s), taking into account the different percentages of styles of faulting, and including where necessary total or partial (even in terms of tectonic style) random source contributions. Referring to the area source model used, for several seismic zones we obtained robust results; e.g., along the central and southern Apennines we expect future earthquakes to be mostly extensional, although in the outer part of the chain reverse and strike-slip events are possible. In the northern part of the Apennines we expect different styles of faulting for different hypocentral depths. In zones characterized by a low seismic moment release, the possible style of faulting of future earthquakes is less clear and it has been represented using different combinations of random sources. The robustness of our results is confirmed when compared with recent relevant earthquakes occurring in Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/738641
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