PURPOSE: To investigate the in vivo corneal microscopic changes after femtosecond laser-assisted stromal lenticule addition keratoplasty in keratoconus by means of in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS: Patients affected by advanced keratoconus were included in the study. Negative meniscus-shaped stromal lenticules, produced with a femtosecond laser (VisuMax; Carl Zeiss Meditec) from eye bank corneas were transplanted into a stromal pocket dissected in the recipient cornea at a depth of 120 μm. In vivo confocal microscopy was performed during the 12-month follow-up to investigate changes of the corneal and lenticule structure. RESULTS: Ten patients were enrolled in the study. No changes of the dendritic cell population were documented during the follow-up period. Mild edema and stromal keratocyte activation gradually decreased during the first month. Subbasal nerve density returned to preoperative values after 6 months. Donor-recipient interfaces appeared hyperreflective but gradually improved over time with significantly reduced reflectivity after 3 months. No evidence of stromal inflammatory cell migration or matrix opacification was observed. Endothelial and keratocyte density remained stable over time. A variable degree of stromal radially distributed folds, not visible on biomicroscopy, was observed in the lenticule and in the posterior recipient stroma. CONCLUSIONS: Stromal lenticule addition keratoplasty produces transitory nerve plexus density reduction and minor inflammatory reaction that rapidly decreases during the first month. Donor-recipient interface reflectivity is comparable to a femtosecond laser refractive procedure with no sign of stromal opacification or stromal rejection in 1 year of follow-up.

In Vivo Confocal Microscopy of Stromal Lenticule Addition Keratoplasty for Advanced Keratoconus

Mastropasqua L.;Salgari N.
;
D'Ugo E.;Lanzini M.;Nubile M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the in vivo corneal microscopic changes after femtosecond laser-assisted stromal lenticule addition keratoplasty in keratoconus by means of in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS: Patients affected by advanced keratoconus were included in the study. Negative meniscus-shaped stromal lenticules, produced with a femtosecond laser (VisuMax; Carl Zeiss Meditec) from eye bank corneas were transplanted into a stromal pocket dissected in the recipient cornea at a depth of 120 μm. In vivo confocal microscopy was performed during the 12-month follow-up to investigate changes of the corneal and lenticule structure. RESULTS: Ten patients were enrolled in the study. No changes of the dendritic cell population were documented during the follow-up period. Mild edema and stromal keratocyte activation gradually decreased during the first month. Subbasal nerve density returned to preoperative values after 6 months. Donor-recipient interfaces appeared hyperreflective but gradually improved over time with significantly reduced reflectivity after 3 months. No evidence of stromal inflammatory cell migration or matrix opacification was observed. Endothelial and keratocyte density remained stable over time. A variable degree of stromal radially distributed folds, not visible on biomicroscopy, was observed in the lenticule and in the posterior recipient stroma. CONCLUSIONS: Stromal lenticule addition keratoplasty produces transitory nerve plexus density reduction and minor inflammatory reaction that rapidly decreases during the first month. Donor-recipient interface reflectivity is comparable to a femtosecond laser refractive procedure with no sign of stromal opacification or stromal rejection in 1 year of follow-up.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/742016
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