Objective: To evaluate: (a) the specific effect that the demyelination and axonal loss have on the DW signal, and (b) the impact of the sequence parameters on the sensitivity to damage of two clinically feasible DWI techniques, i.e. DKI and NODDI. Methods: We performed a Monte Carlo simulation of water diffusion inside a novel synthetic model of white matter in the presence of axonal loss and demyelination, with three compartments with permeable boundaries between them. We compared DKI and NODDI in their ability to detect and assess the damage, using several acquisition protocols. We used the F test statistic as an index of the sensitivity for each DWI parameter to axonal loss and demyelination, respectively. Results: DKI parameters significantly changed with increasing axonal loss, but, in most cases, not with demyelination; all the NODDI parameters showed sensitivity to both the damage processes (at p < 0.01). However, the acquisition protocol strongly affected the sensitivity to damage of both the DKI and NODDI parameters and, especially for NODDI, the parameter absolute values also. Discussion: This work is expected to impact future choices for investigating white matter microstructure in focusing on specific stages of the disease, and for selecting the appropriate experimental framework to obtain optimal data quality given the purpose of the experiment.

Impact of the acquisition protocol on the sensitivity to demyelination and axonal loss of clinically feasible DWI techniques: a simulation study

Oliviero S.
Primo
;
Del Gratta C.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate: (a) the specific effect that the demyelination and axonal loss have on the DW signal, and (b) the impact of the sequence parameters on the sensitivity to damage of two clinically feasible DWI techniques, i.e. DKI and NODDI. Methods: We performed a Monte Carlo simulation of water diffusion inside a novel synthetic model of white matter in the presence of axonal loss and demyelination, with three compartments with permeable boundaries between them. We compared DKI and NODDI in their ability to detect and assess the damage, using several acquisition protocols. We used the F test statistic as an index of the sensitivity for each DWI parameter to axonal loss and demyelination, respectively. Results: DKI parameters significantly changed with increasing axonal loss, but, in most cases, not with demyelination; all the NODDI parameters showed sensitivity to both the damage processes (at p < 0.01). However, the acquisition protocol strongly affected the sensitivity to damage of both the DKI and NODDI parameters and, especially for NODDI, the parameter absolute values also. Discussion: This work is expected to impact future choices for investigating white matter microstructure in focusing on specific stages of the disease, and for selecting the appropriate experimental framework to obtain optimal data quality given the purpose of the experiment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/743018
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