Purpose: Due to a reported dose–response relationship in rectal cancer radiotherapy, a greater interest in dose intensification on small boost volume arises. Considering the need of an appropriate target movements evaluation, this retrospective study aimed to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for GTV and mesorectum organ motion (OM) evaluation, in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients treated with neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy, in prone and supine position. Methods: Thirty-two LARC patients were analyzed. GTV and mesorectum were delineated on MRI co-registrated with CT simulation. GTV and mesorectum OM was estimated on all CBCTs, performed during treatment, co-registrated with CT simulation. OM evaluation was obtained, as mean shift in left and right (L–R), postero–anterior (P–A) and cranio–caudal (Cr–C) directions. Volumes variability was calculated by DICE index. Results: A total of 296 CBCTs were analyzed. Mean shifts of the GTV and mesorectum in prone position were − 0.16 cm and 0.15 cm in L–R direction, 0.28 cm and − 0.40 cm in P–A direction, and 0.14 cm and − 0.21 cm, in Cr–C direction; for supine position the mean shifts of the GTV were − 0.10 cm and 0.17 cm in R–L direction, 0.26 cm and − 0.23 cm in A–P direction, 0.09 cm and − 0.11 cm in Cr–C direction. Mean DICE index for GTV and mesorectum was 0.74 and 0.86, in prone position, and 0.78 and 0.89 in supine position, respectively. Conclusion: GTV and mesorectum OM was less than 4 mm in all directions in both positions, with a 1 mm less deviation in supine position. CBCTs resulted effective for OM assessment, and it could be an appropriate method for the implementation on an intensification treatment. © 2020, Italian Society of Medical Radiology.

Cone-beam computed tomography for organ motion evaluation in locally advanced rectal cancer patients

Rosa C.
Primo
;
Caravatta L.
Secondo
;
Di Tommaso M.;Fasciolo D.;Gasparini L.;Augurio A.;Vinciguerra A.;Genovesi D.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Due to a reported dose–response relationship in rectal cancer radiotherapy, a greater interest in dose intensification on small boost volume arises. Considering the need of an appropriate target movements evaluation, this retrospective study aimed to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for GTV and mesorectum organ motion (OM) evaluation, in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients treated with neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy, in prone and supine position. Methods: Thirty-two LARC patients were analyzed. GTV and mesorectum were delineated on MRI co-registrated with CT simulation. GTV and mesorectum OM was estimated on all CBCTs, performed during treatment, co-registrated with CT simulation. OM evaluation was obtained, as mean shift in left and right (L–R), postero–anterior (P–A) and cranio–caudal (Cr–C) directions. Volumes variability was calculated by DICE index. Results: A total of 296 CBCTs were analyzed. Mean shifts of the GTV and mesorectum in prone position were − 0.16 cm and 0.15 cm in L–R direction, 0.28 cm and − 0.40 cm in P–A direction, and 0.14 cm and − 0.21 cm, in Cr–C direction; for supine position the mean shifts of the GTV were − 0.10 cm and 0.17 cm in R–L direction, 0.26 cm and − 0.23 cm in A–P direction, 0.09 cm and − 0.11 cm in Cr–C direction. Mean DICE index for GTV and mesorectum was 0.74 and 0.86, in prone position, and 0.78 and 0.89 in supine position, respectively. Conclusion: GTV and mesorectum OM was less than 4 mm in all directions in both positions, with a 1 mm less deviation in supine position. CBCTs resulted effective for OM assessment, and it could be an appropriate method for the implementation on an intensification treatment. © 2020, Italian Society of Medical Radiology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/744590
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