Aim: An acute phase response is induced after non-surgical periodontal treatment (SRP). The main aim of this study was to compare acute phase (24-hr) and medium-term (3-months) inflammation and clinical outcomes after SRP with or without application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 6 mm. Methods: Thirty-eight periodontitis-affected subjects were randomized to SRP or SRP + EMD. Periodontal parameters were recorded at baseline and 3 months. Serum samples were collected at baseline, 1 and 90 days after treatment. Results: Both treatments triggered an intense acute inflammation on day 1, which regressed to baseline values at 3 months. D-dimer and cystatin C levels did not show sharp increases in SRP + EMD group 24 hr after treatment, compared to SRP. Significant difference between groups was observed for D-dimer (p < 0.001). EMD application was also associated with better periodontal healing as shown by greater PPD reduction and clinical attachment level gain in sites with PPD ≥ 6 mm, and higher number of cases with no residual PPD ≥ 6 mm (p < 0.05) at 3 months. Conclusions: EMD application after non-SRP resulted in lower fibrinolysis, and better periodontal healing of deep pockets. These initial observations warrant further investigations on the potential to modulate both local and systemic outcomes of non-SRP. NCT03544931.

Enamel matrix derivative stabilizes blood clot and improves clinical healing in deep pockets after flapless periodontal therapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Morena Petrini;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Aim: An acute phase response is induced after non-surgical periodontal treatment (SRP). The main aim of this study was to compare acute phase (24-hr) and medium-term (3-months) inflammation and clinical outcomes after SRP with or without application of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) in sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥ 6 mm. Methods: Thirty-eight periodontitis-affected subjects were randomized to SRP or SRP + EMD. Periodontal parameters were recorded at baseline and 3 months. Serum samples were collected at baseline, 1 and 90 days after treatment. Results: Both treatments triggered an intense acute inflammation on day 1, which regressed to baseline values at 3 months. D-dimer and cystatin C levels did not show sharp increases in SRP + EMD group 24 hr after treatment, compared to SRP. Significant difference between groups was observed for D-dimer (p < 0.001). EMD application was also associated with better periodontal healing as shown by greater PPD reduction and clinical attachment level gain in sites with PPD ≥ 6 mm, and higher number of cases with no residual PPD ≥ 6 mm (p < 0.05) at 3 months. Conclusions: EMD application after non-SRP resulted in lower fibrinolysis, and better periodontal healing of deep pockets. These initial observations warrant further investigations on the potential to modulate both local and systemic outcomes of non-SRP. NCT03544931.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Graziani_et_al-2019-Journal_of_Clinical_Periodontology.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Descrizione: Randomized Clinical Trial
Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 811.99 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
811.99 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/746464
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact