Minimising marginal bone loss around dental implants is of paramount importance. The success of methods such as platform switching (PS) and laser-micro-texturing (LM) are well documented. Whether or not a combination of these designs will further improve outcomes has not been studied previously. Hence, this prospective, randomized controlled single-centre pilot study compared the clinical and microbiological outcomes of implants with both PS and LM (test) to implants with only LM (control). A test and control implant were placed in thirteen patients totalling 26 implants. The primary investigated outcome was marginal bone level (MBL); secondary outcomes were peri-implant probing depths (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and marginal tissue height (MTH). Additionally, the presence of five putative periodontal pathogens were assessed using real-time polymerized chain reaction. At 12 months the overall implant survival rate was 95.8%. MBL change was not found to be different between test and control at any time points, but a significant change was detected within the test implants at 6 months compared to baseline (p = 0.006). No differences were found in the secondary outcomes. Average PPD at 12 months was 2.68 ± 0.73 mm and 2.30 ± 0.46 mm and average change in MTH was 0.05 ± 0.72 mm and -0.24 ± 0.59 mm at tests and controls. No differences were reported in BOP frequency. Total periodontal pathogens count revealed no significant difference among control, test implants and adjacent tooth sites. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the addition of PS to LM implants does not significantly alter either short-term clinical outcomes or the vulnerability to pathogenic microflora colonization.

A randomized pilot clinical and microbiological study comparing laser microtextured implants with and without platform switching

Perrotti V.
Co-primo
;
Franciotti R.
Secondo
;
2021

Abstract

Minimising marginal bone loss around dental implants is of paramount importance. The success of methods such as platform switching (PS) and laser-micro-texturing (LM) are well documented. Whether or not a combination of these designs will further improve outcomes has not been studied previously. Hence, this prospective, randomized controlled single-centre pilot study compared the clinical and microbiological outcomes of implants with both PS and LM (test) to implants with only LM (control). A test and control implant were placed in thirteen patients totalling 26 implants. The primary investigated outcome was marginal bone level (MBL); secondary outcomes were peri-implant probing depths (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and marginal tissue height (MTH). Additionally, the presence of five putative periodontal pathogens were assessed using real-time polymerized chain reaction. At 12 months the overall implant survival rate was 95.8%. MBL change was not found to be different between test and control at any time points, but a significant change was detected within the test implants at 6 months compared to baseline (p = 0.006). No differences were found in the secondary outcomes. Average PPD at 12 months was 2.68 ± 0.73 mm and 2.30 ± 0.46 mm and average change in MTH was 0.05 ± 0.72 mm and -0.24 ± 0.59 mm at tests and controls. No differences were reported in BOP frequency. Total periodontal pathogens count revealed no significant difference among control, test implants and adjacent tooth sites. Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that the addition of PS to LM implants does not significantly alter either short-term clinical outcomes or the vulnerability to pathogenic microflora colonization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11564/752245
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