The surface structure of the titanium dental implants can modulate the activity of mes-enchymal stem cells in order to promote the upregulation of osteoblastic related genes and the release of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. The present work was focused on the in vitro evaluation of the interaction of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and two different implant titanium surfaces topography (CTRL and TEST). This study was aimed at analyzing the cytotoxicity of the dental implant surfaces, the cellular adhesion capacity, and the improvement in the release of ECM molecules in an in vitro model. These parameters were carried out by means of the microscopic evaluation, viability assays, immunofluorescence, Western blot and RT-PCR investigations. The knowledge of the cell/implant interaction is essential for implant healing in order to obtain a more performing surfaces that promote the ECM release and provide the starting point to initiate the osseointegration process.

Enhanced Extracellular Matrix Deposition on Titanium Implant Surfaces: Cellular and Molecular Evidences

Marconi G. D.;Fonticoli L.;Oliva S.;Trubiani O.;Murmura G.;Diomede F.
;
Pizzicannella J.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The surface structure of the titanium dental implants can modulate the activity of mes-enchymal stem cells in order to promote the upregulation of osteoblastic related genes and the release of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. The present work was focused on the in vitro evaluation of the interaction of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and two different implant titanium surfaces topography (CTRL and TEST). This study was aimed at analyzing the cytotoxicity of the dental implant surfaces, the cellular adhesion capacity, and the improvement in the release of ECM molecules in an in vitro model. These parameters were carried out by means of the microscopic evaluation, viability assays, immunofluorescence, Western blot and RT-PCR investigations. The knowledge of the cell/implant interaction is essential for implant healing in order to obtain a more performing surfaces that promote the ECM release and provide the starting point to initiate the osseointegration process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/762277
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