A deficient sense of self, typically observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, is often accompanied by abnormalities in bodily perception and awareness. These abnormalities are seemingly among the most powerful predictive factors for the onset of schizophrenic illnesses. According to the hypothesis of the psychosis continuum, high schizotypal traits in the general population may be characterized by a progressive sense of detachment from one's lived body. Building upon previous research that found an abnormal Body Structural Representation (BSR) in individuals with schizophrenia, this study aims to extend these findings to schizotypy. To investigate this, we utilized the Finger Localization Task (FLT), in which participants must identify the finger touched by the experimenter, and the In Between Task (IBT), in which two fingers are touched and participants must specify the number of fingers in between the two stimulated fingers. We found that individuals with high schizotypy were significantly less accurate than individuals with low schizotypy in determining the spatial configuration of their own fingers relative to each other. Most significantly, performances on both tasks were negatively correlated with the score on the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). These findings support the hypothesis that the progressive loss of one's sense of self is associated with abnormal bodily experiences and dissociative symptomatology which may represent a potential marker for schizophrenia proneness.

Body structural representation in schizotypy

Ambrosini E.;Ferri F.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

A deficient sense of self, typically observed in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, is often accompanied by abnormalities in bodily perception and awareness. These abnormalities are seemingly among the most powerful predictive factors for the onset of schizophrenic illnesses. According to the hypothesis of the psychosis continuum, high schizotypal traits in the general population may be characterized by a progressive sense of detachment from one's lived body. Building upon previous research that found an abnormal Body Structural Representation (BSR) in individuals with schizophrenia, this study aims to extend these findings to schizotypy. To investigate this, we utilized the Finger Localization Task (FLT), in which participants must identify the finger touched by the experimenter, and the In Between Task (IBT), in which two fingers are touched and participants must specify the number of fingers in between the two stimulated fingers. We found that individuals with high schizotypy were significantly less accurate than individuals with low schizotypy in determining the spatial configuration of their own fingers relative to each other. Most significantly, performances on both tasks were negatively correlated with the score on the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). These findings support the hypothesis that the progressive loss of one's sense of self is associated with abnormal bodily experiences and dissociative symptomatology which may represent a potential marker for schizophrenia proneness.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/767477
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact