Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most frequent focal epilepsy in adulthood. Catamenial C1-type TLE, is characterized by a cyclic seizure exacerbation during the menstrual phase. The heart rate variability (HRV) analysis assesses cardiac autonomic control and may represent a biomarker for Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). It is plausible that female sex hormones can influence HRV. These changes might be more pronounced in patients suffering from catamenial C1-type TLE where hormonal changes also increase seizure susceptibility. To that aim, we evaluated HRV changes during the menstrual phase of women suffering from catamenial C1-type TLE. Methods: We enrolled 12 adults with a diagnosis of catamenial C1-type TLE (Catamenial Group) and 12 age-, and seizure-frequency-matched controls with TLE (Non-Catamenial Group). Each patient underwent a 20-minute EEG + EKG recording in resting state during the menstrual phase. HRV parameters were calculated with a short-lasting analysis of EKG records. Time domain-related, frequency domain-related, as well as non-linear analysis parameters, were compared between the two groups. Result: Compared to the Non-Catamenial Group, the Catamenial Group showed significant reductions in SDNN (p-value = 0.01), RMSSD (p-value = 0.04), pNN50 (p-value = 0.001), LnLF ms2 (p-value = 0.05), LnHF ms2 (p-value = 0.007), SD1 (p-value = 0.02), and SD2 (p-value = 0.01). These results were independent from age, disease duration, numbers of ASM, and seizure etiology. Conclusion: Our data provide experimental evidence that vagal output is reduced during the menstrual phase in patients with catamenial C1-type TLE. These results indicate that, during the menstrual phase, patients with catamenial C1-type TLE may be at a higher risk of developing cardiac dysfunctions and SUDEP.

Heart rate variability is reduced during the menstrual phase in women with catamenial C1-type temporal lobe epilepsy

Dono F.
Primo
;
Consoli S.;Scorrano G.;Franciotti R.;Anzellotti F.;Onofrj M.;Frazzini V.;Sensi S. L.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most frequent focal epilepsy in adulthood. Catamenial C1-type TLE, is characterized by a cyclic seizure exacerbation during the menstrual phase. The heart rate variability (HRV) analysis assesses cardiac autonomic control and may represent a biomarker for Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). It is plausible that female sex hormones can influence HRV. These changes might be more pronounced in patients suffering from catamenial C1-type TLE where hormonal changes also increase seizure susceptibility. To that aim, we evaluated HRV changes during the menstrual phase of women suffering from catamenial C1-type TLE. Methods: We enrolled 12 adults with a diagnosis of catamenial C1-type TLE (Catamenial Group) and 12 age-, and seizure-frequency-matched controls with TLE (Non-Catamenial Group). Each patient underwent a 20-minute EEG + EKG recording in resting state during the menstrual phase. HRV parameters were calculated with a short-lasting analysis of EKG records. Time domain-related, frequency domain-related, as well as non-linear analysis parameters, were compared between the two groups. Result: Compared to the Non-Catamenial Group, the Catamenial Group showed significant reductions in SDNN (p-value = 0.01), RMSSD (p-value = 0.04), pNN50 (p-value = 0.001), LnLF ms2 (p-value = 0.05), LnHF ms2 (p-value = 0.007), SD1 (p-value = 0.02), and SD2 (p-value = 0.01). These results were independent from age, disease duration, numbers of ASM, and seizure etiology. Conclusion: Our data provide experimental evidence that vagal output is reduced during the menstrual phase in patients with catamenial C1-type TLE. These results indicate that, during the menstrual phase, patients with catamenial C1-type TLE may be at a higher risk of developing cardiac dysfunctions and SUDEP.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/767894
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