Aim of the study: The aim was to evaluate the effects of two LED devices, TL-01 and TL-03 in photodynamic therapy (PDT), on Enterococcus faecalis and on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). TL-01, characterized by a single emitter, irradiates one periodontal site at a time, whereas the multi-led device (TL-03) irradiates all vestibular sites of a single arch at a time. Methods: E. faecalis bacterial suspensions and HGFs were incubated for 45 min with Aladent gel (ALAD) containing 5-aminolevulinic acid and then exposed to LED devices (ALAD-PDT), having different distance and timing of irradiation (TL-01 N (0.5 mm, for 7 min), TL-03 N (0.5 mm, 15 min) and TL-03 F (30.0 mm, 15 min)). For bacterial suspension, the colony forming units and the live/dead staining were evaluated after 24h, while the protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) content was monitored in all phases of the experimentation. For HGFs, the cell viability, proliferation, cell morphology, and adhesion were evaluated at 24 h. Results: Both TL-01 and TL-03 showed a significant reduction of bacterial load. The photoinactivation was inversely proportional to the PpIX accumulation. TL-01 and TL-03 promoted proliferation and adhesion of HGFs. Conclusions: Both tested devices for ALAD-PDT were equally effective in significantly reducing Enterococcus faecalis growth and in promoting HGFs proliferation and adhesion, in vitro.

Comparison between Single and Multi-LED Emitters for Photodynamic Therapy: An In Vitro Study on Enterococcus faecalis and Human Gingival Fibroblasts

Petrini M.
Primo
;
Pierfelice T. V.
Secondo
;
D'amico E.;Carlesi T.;Iezzi G.;D'arcangelo C.;Di Lodovico S.;Piattelli A.
;
D'ercole S.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Aim of the study: The aim was to evaluate the effects of two LED devices, TL-01 and TL-03 in photodynamic therapy (PDT), on Enterococcus faecalis and on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). TL-01, characterized by a single emitter, irradiates one periodontal site at a time, whereas the multi-led device (TL-03) irradiates all vestibular sites of a single arch at a time. Methods: E. faecalis bacterial suspensions and HGFs were incubated for 45 min with Aladent gel (ALAD) containing 5-aminolevulinic acid and then exposed to LED devices (ALAD-PDT), having different distance and timing of irradiation (TL-01 N (0.5 mm, for 7 min), TL-03 N (0.5 mm, 15 min) and TL-03 F (30.0 mm, 15 min)). For bacterial suspension, the colony forming units and the live/dead staining were evaluated after 24h, while the protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) content was monitored in all phases of the experimentation. For HGFs, the cell viability, proliferation, cell morphology, and adhesion were evaluated at 24 h. Results: Both TL-01 and TL-03 showed a significant reduction of bacterial load. The photoinactivation was inversely proportional to the PpIX accumulation. TL-01 and TL-03 promoted proliferation and adhesion of HGFs. Conclusions: Both tested devices for ALAD-PDT were equally effective in significantly reducing Enterococcus faecalis growth and in promoting HGFs proliferation and adhesion, in vitro.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/771773
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