Background Selexipag is an oral selective prostacyclin IP receptor agonist approved in patients with low- and intermediate-risk pulmonary hypertension (PH); evidence in patients at high risk is lacking. Case summary A 42-year-old woman with worsening dyspnoea (World Health Organization functional class III-IV) and suspected PH at echocardiographic examination was evaluated in our Pulmonary Hypertension Centre. Right heart catheterization showed pre-capillary PH with reduced cardiac index and increased pulmonary vascular resistance. High-resolution computed tomography excluded parenchymal lung disease and ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scan was negative for mismatched perfusion defects so the conclusive diagnosis was high-risk idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The patient refused an initial combination therapy including a parenteral prostacyclin analogue (PCA) in accordance with the ESC/ERS guidelines, so an off-label triple oral combination therapy including a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, an endothelin receptor antagonist, and selexipag was started. At 3- and 6- month follow-up we found a clinical and haemodynamic improvement, so the patient was reclassified as low risk. Her clinical condition is currently stable. Discussion Despite the benefit of parenteral PCAs in high-risk PAH, low adherence to treatment may be explained by adverse side effects related to the intravenous route of administration. Given the potential effect seen in our patient, upfront triple oral combination therapy in PAH high-risk patients should be further evaluated in a controlled clinical trial.

Upfront triple oral combination therapy including selexipag in a high-risk patient with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension: A case report

Rossi S.
;
Pietrangelo C.;Pierdomenico S. D.;Giuliani L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background Selexipag is an oral selective prostacyclin IP receptor agonist approved in patients with low- and intermediate-risk pulmonary hypertension (PH); evidence in patients at high risk is lacking. Case summary A 42-year-old woman with worsening dyspnoea (World Health Organization functional class III-IV) and suspected PH at echocardiographic examination was evaluated in our Pulmonary Hypertension Centre. Right heart catheterization showed pre-capillary PH with reduced cardiac index and increased pulmonary vascular resistance. High-resolution computed tomography excluded parenchymal lung disease and ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) lung scan was negative for mismatched perfusion defects so the conclusive diagnosis was high-risk idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The patient refused an initial combination therapy including a parenteral prostacyclin analogue (PCA) in accordance with the ESC/ERS guidelines, so an off-label triple oral combination therapy including a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, an endothelin receptor antagonist, and selexipag was started. At 3- and 6- month follow-up we found a clinical and haemodynamic improvement, so the patient was reclassified as low risk. Her clinical condition is currently stable. Discussion Despite the benefit of parenteral PCAs in high-risk PAH, low adherence to treatment may be explained by adverse side effects related to the intravenous route of administration. Given the potential effect seen in our patient, upfront triple oral combination therapy in PAH high-risk patients should be further evaluated in a controlled clinical trial.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/773327
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