(1) Background: Type 2 diabetes is a common comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Despite the lack of knowledge of the pathophysiological link between diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the presence of diabetes among those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with worse outcomes, such as mortality and hospitalization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on in-hospital mortality and prolonged length of stay (PLOS) among patients with diabetes. (2) Methods: The study considered all hospital admissions of patients with diabetes aged over 65 years performed from 2006 to 2015 in Abruzzo, Italy. To compare outcomes between patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a propensity score matching procedure was performed. (3) Results: During the study period, 140,556 admissions of patients with diabetes were performed. After matching, 18,379 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 18,379 controls were included in the analyses. Logistic regression analyses showed as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with in-hospital mortality (OR: 1.10; p = 0.036) and PLOS (OR: 1.18; p = 0.002). (4) Conclusions: In a cohort of Italian patients, diabetic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were associated with in-hospital mortality and PLOS. The definition of the causes of these differences aims to implement public health surveillance and policies.

The Impact of COPD on Hospitalized Patients with Diabetes: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis on Discharge Records

Di Martino, Giuseppe
Primo
;
Di Giovanni, Pamela;Cedrone, Fabrizio;Michela, D’Addezio;Meo, Francesca;Scampoli, Piera;Staniscia, Tommaso
2022-01-01

Abstract

(1) Background: Type 2 diabetes is a common comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Despite the lack of knowledge of the pathophysiological link between diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the presence of diabetes among those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with worse outcomes, such as mortality and hospitalization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on in-hospital mortality and prolonged length of stay (PLOS) among patients with diabetes. (2) Methods: The study considered all hospital admissions of patients with diabetes aged over 65 years performed from 2006 to 2015 in Abruzzo, Italy. To compare outcomes between patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a propensity score matching procedure was performed. (3) Results: During the study period, 140,556 admissions of patients with diabetes were performed. After matching, 18,379 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 18,379 controls were included in the analyses. Logistic regression analyses showed as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with in-hospital mortality (OR: 1.10; p = 0.036) and PLOS (OR: 1.18; p = 0.002). (4) Conclusions: In a cohort of Italian patients, diabetic patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were associated with in-hospital mortality and PLOS. The definition of the causes of these differences aims to implement public health surveillance and policies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/777309
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