Innovative non‐antibiotic compounds such as graphene oxide (GO) and light‐emitting diodes (LEDs) may represent a valid strategy for managing chronic wound infections related to resistant pathogens. This study aimed to evaluate 630 nm LED and 880 nm LED ability to enhance the GO antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus‐ and Pseudomonas aeruginosa‐resistant strains in a dual‐species biofilm in the Lubbock chronic wound biofilm (LCWB) model. The effect of a 630 nm LED, alone or plus 5‐aminolevulinic acid (ALAD)‐mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) (ALAD‐PDT), or an 880 nm LED on the GO (50 mg/l) action was evaluated by determining the CFU/mg reductions, live/dead analysis, scanning electron microscope observation, and reactive oxygen species assay. Among the LCWBs, the best effect was obtained with GO irradiated with ALAD‐PDT, with percentages of CFU/mg reduction up to 78.96%±0.21 and 95.17%±2.56 for S. aureus and P. aeruginosa, respectively. The microscope images showed a reduction in the cell number and viability when treated with GO + ALAD‐PDT. In addition, increased ROS production was detected. No differences were recorded when GO was irradiated with an 880 nm LED versus GO alone. The obtained results suggest that treatment with GO irradiated with ALAD‐PDT represents a valid, sustainable strategy to counteract the polymicrobial colonization of chronic wounds.

Antimicrobial Combined Action of Graphene Oxide and Light Emitting Diodes for Chronic Wound Management

Di Lodovico S.
Primo
;
Diban F.;Di Fermo P.;Petrini M.;Fontana A.;Di Giulio M.;Piattelli A.;D'ercole S.
;
Cellini L.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Innovative non‐antibiotic compounds such as graphene oxide (GO) and light‐emitting diodes (LEDs) may represent a valid strategy for managing chronic wound infections related to resistant pathogens. This study aimed to evaluate 630 nm LED and 880 nm LED ability to enhance the GO antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus‐ and Pseudomonas aeruginosa‐resistant strains in a dual‐species biofilm in the Lubbock chronic wound biofilm (LCWB) model. The effect of a 630 nm LED, alone or plus 5‐aminolevulinic acid (ALAD)‐mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) (ALAD‐PDT), or an 880 nm LED on the GO (50 mg/l) action was evaluated by determining the CFU/mg reductions, live/dead analysis, scanning electron microscope observation, and reactive oxygen species assay. Among the LCWBs, the best effect was obtained with GO irradiated with ALAD‐PDT, with percentages of CFU/mg reduction up to 78.96%±0.21 and 95.17%±2.56 for S. aureus and P. aeruginosa, respectively. The microscope images showed a reduction in the cell number and viability when treated with GO + ALAD‐PDT. In addition, increased ROS production was detected. No differences were recorded when GO was irradiated with an 880 nm LED versus GO alone. The obtained results suggest that treatment with GO irradiated with ALAD‐PDT represents a valid, sustainable strategy to counteract the polymicrobial colonization of chronic wounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/786150
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