Platelet‐rich plasma (PRP) has attracted much attention for the treatment of articular cartilage defects or wounds due to its intrinsic content of growth factors relevant for tissue repair. However, the short residence time of PRP in vivo, due to the action of lytic enzymes, its weak mechanical properties and the consequent short‐term release of bioactive factors has restricted its application and efficacy. The present work aimed at designing new formulation strategies for PRP, based on the use of platelet concentrate (PC)‐loaded hydrogels or interpenetrating polymer networks, directed at improving mechanical stability and sustaining the release of bioactive growth factors over a prolonged time‐span. The interpenetrating hydrogels comprised two polymer networks interlaced on a molecular scale: (a) a first covalent network of thermosensitive and biodegradable vinyl sulfone bearing p(hydroxypropyl methacrylamide‐lacate)‐polyethylene glycol triblock copolymers, tandem cross‐linked by thermal gelation and Michael addition when combined with thiolated hyaluronic acid, and (b) a second network composed of cross‐linked fibrin. The PC‐loaded hydrogels, instead, was formed only by network (a). All the designed and successfully synthesized formulations greatly increased the stability of PRP in vitro, leading to significant increase in degradation time and storage modulus of PRP gel. The resulting viscoelastic networks showed the ability to controllably release platelet derived growth factor and transforming growth factr β1, and to improve the tissue adhesiveness of PRP. The newly developed hydrogels show great potential for application in the field of wound healing, cartilage repair and beyond.

Interpenetrating Hydrogel Networks Enhance Mechanical Stability, Rheological Properties, Release Behavior and Adhesiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma

Di Martino P.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Platelet‐rich plasma (PRP) has attracted much attention for the treatment of articular cartilage defects or wounds due to its intrinsic content of growth factors relevant for tissue repair. However, the short residence time of PRP in vivo, due to the action of lytic enzymes, its weak mechanical properties and the consequent short‐term release of bioactive factors has restricted its application and efficacy. The present work aimed at designing new formulation strategies for PRP, based on the use of platelet concentrate (PC)‐loaded hydrogels or interpenetrating polymer networks, directed at improving mechanical stability and sustaining the release of bioactive growth factors over a prolonged time‐span. The interpenetrating hydrogels comprised two polymer networks interlaced on a molecular scale: (a) a first covalent network of thermosensitive and biodegradable vinyl sulfone bearing p(hydroxypropyl methacrylamide‐lacate)‐polyethylene glycol triblock copolymers, tandem cross‐linked by thermal gelation and Michael addition when combined with thiolated hyaluronic acid, and (b) a second network composed of cross‐linked fibrin. The PC‐loaded hydrogels, instead, was formed only by network (a). All the designed and successfully synthesized formulations greatly increased the stability of PRP in vitro, leading to significant increase in degradation time and storage modulus of PRP gel. The resulting viscoelastic networks showed the ability to controllably release platelet derived growth factor and transforming growth factr β1, and to improve the tissue adhesiveness of PRP. The newly developed hydrogels show great potential for application in the field of wound healing, cartilage repair and beyond.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
87. INTERPENETRATING HYDROGEL NETWORKS ENHANCE MECHANICAL STABILITY, RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES, RELEASE BEHAVIOUR AND ADHESIVENESS OF PLATELET-RICH PLASMA.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Dimensione 3.66 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.66 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/786292
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact