This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a new photodynamic protocol (ALAD-PDT), consisting of 5% 5-aminolevulinic acid-gel and 630 nm-LED, already used for antibacterial effects in the treatment of periodontitis, on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and primary human osteoblasts (HOB). HGF and HOB were incubated with different ALAD concentrations for 45 min, and subsequently irradiated with 630 nm-LED for 7 min. Firstly, the cytotoxicity at 24 h and proliferation at 48 and 72 h were assessed. Then the intracellular content of the protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) of the ROS and the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were investigated at different times. Each result was compared with untreated and unirradiated cells as the control. Viable and metabolic active cells were revealed at any concentrations of ALAD-PDT, but only 100-ALAD-PDT significantly enhanced the proliferation rate. The PpIX fluorescence significantly increased after the addition of 100-ALAD, and decreased after the irradiation. Higher ROS generation was detected at 10 min in HGF, and at 30 min in HOB. The activity of the SOD enzyme augmented at 30 min in both cell types. In conclusion, ALAD-PDT not only showed no cytotoxic effects, but had pro-proliferative effects on HGF and HOB, probably via ROS generation.

The Effects of 5% 5-Aminolevulinic Acid Gel and Red Light (ALAD-PDT) on Human Fibroblasts and Osteoblasts

Pierfelice, Tania Vanessa
Co-primo
;
D'Amico, Emira
Co-primo
;
Petrini, Morena
Secondo
;
Pandolfi, Assunta;D'Arcangelo, Camillo;Di Pietro, Natalia;Piattelli, Adriano;Iezzi, Giovanna
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a new photodynamic protocol (ALAD-PDT), consisting of 5% 5-aminolevulinic acid-gel and 630 nm-LED, already used for antibacterial effects in the treatment of periodontitis, on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and primary human osteoblasts (HOB). HGF and HOB were incubated with different ALAD concentrations for 45 min, and subsequently irradiated with 630 nm-LED for 7 min. Firstly, the cytotoxicity at 24 h and proliferation at 48 and 72 h were assessed. Then the intracellular content of the protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) of the ROS and the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were investigated at different times. Each result was compared with untreated and unirradiated cells as the control. Viable and metabolic active cells were revealed at any concentrations of ALAD-PDT, but only 100-ALAD-PDT significantly enhanced the proliferation rate. The PpIX fluorescence significantly increased after the addition of 100-ALAD, and decreased after the irradiation. Higher ROS generation was detected at 10 min in HGF, and at 30 min in HOB. The activity of the SOD enzyme augmented at 30 min in both cell types. In conclusion, ALAD-PDT not only showed no cytotoxic effects, but had pro-proliferative effects on HGF and HOB, probably via ROS generation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/788172
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