Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive neurologic condition that causes gait limitations, spasticity, and impaired balance and coordination. Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) has become a common rehabilitation tool employed to improve the gait pattern of people with neurological impairments. However, few studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of RAGT in children with CP and its neurological effects through portable neuroimaging techniques, such as functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). The aim of the study is to evaluate the neurophysiological processes elicited by RAGT in children with CP through fNIRS, which was acquired during three sessions in one month. The repeated measure ANOVA was applied to the β-values delivered by the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis used for fNIRS data analysis, showing significant differences in the activation of both prefrontal cortex (F (1.652, 6.606) = 7.638; p = 0.022), and sensorimotor cortex (F (1.294, 5.175) = 11.92; p = 0.014) during the different RAGT sessions. In addition, a cross-validated Machine Learning (ML) framework was implemented to estimate the gross motor function measure (GMFM-88) from the GLM β-values, obtaining an estimation with a correlation coefficient r = 0.78. This approach can be used to tailor clinical treatment to each child, improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation for children with CP.

Identification of Functional Cortical Plasticity in Children with Cerebral Palsy Associated to Robotic-Assisted Gait Training: An fNIRS Study

Perpetuini D.
Primo
;
Cardone D.
;
Filippini C.;Merla A.
Penultimo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive neurologic condition that causes gait limitations, spasticity, and impaired balance and coordination. Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) has become a common rehabilitation tool employed to improve the gait pattern of people with neurological impairments. However, few studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of RAGT in children with CP and its neurological effects through portable neuroimaging techniques, such as functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). The aim of the study is to evaluate the neurophysiological processes elicited by RAGT in children with CP through fNIRS, which was acquired during three sessions in one month. The repeated measure ANOVA was applied to the β-values delivered by the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis used for fNIRS data analysis, showing significant differences in the activation of both prefrontal cortex (F (1.652, 6.606) = 7.638; p = 0.022), and sensorimotor cortex (F (1.294, 5.175) = 11.92; p = 0.014) during the different RAGT sessions. In addition, a cross-validated Machine Learning (ML) framework was implemented to estimate the gross motor function measure (GMFM-88) from the GLM β-values, obtaining an estimation with a correlation coefficient r = 0.78. This approach can be used to tailor clinical treatment to each child, improving the effectiveness of rehabilitation for children with CP.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/793813
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