Executive functions (EFs) encompass a wide array of cognitive processes, which appear to be influenced by genetic variants of the COMT, DRD2/ANKK1, and BDNF polymorphisms. The present study aimed to investigate whether COMT Val158Met (rs4680), DRD2/ANKK1 (rs1800497), and BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphisms were associated with EFs assessed at rest and during moderate acute physical exercise. Sixty physically active individuals underwent four laboratory visits. First, they filled out the pre-exercise survey, researchers collected their anthropometric data, and then performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. In the second and third sessions, participants performed EFs test in a randomized order: while the individual was seated on a cycle ergometer without pedaling (i.e., rest condition); and during physical exercise (pedaling for 30 minutes at moderate intensity before starting the EFs test during exercising). On the fourth day, blood samples were drawn. Our results showed that the response time of the COMT Val homozygotes group was significantly shorter than the COMT Met-carrier group [t(39.78) = 2.13, p = .039,d = 0.56] at rest condition. No significant association was found for the other analyses (DRD2/ANKK1 and BDNF). In conclusion, the present study suggests that COMT Val158Met (rs4680) polymorphisms may be associated with EFs at rest condition. However, further studies are needed to validate this association.

Are COMT Val158Met (rs4680), DRD2 TaqIA (rs1800497), and BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphisms associated with executive functions performance at rest and during physical exercise?

Bertollo, Maurizio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Executive functions (EFs) encompass a wide array of cognitive processes, which appear to be influenced by genetic variants of the COMT, DRD2/ANKK1, and BDNF polymorphisms. The present study aimed to investigate whether COMT Val158Met (rs4680), DRD2/ANKK1 (rs1800497), and BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphisms were associated with EFs assessed at rest and during moderate acute physical exercise. Sixty physically active individuals underwent four laboratory visits. First, they filled out the pre-exercise survey, researchers collected their anthropometric data, and then performed a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test. In the second and third sessions, participants performed EFs test in a randomized order: while the individual was seated on a cycle ergometer without pedaling (i.e., rest condition); and during physical exercise (pedaling for 30 minutes at moderate intensity before starting the EFs test during exercising). On the fourth day, blood samples were drawn. Our results showed that the response time of the COMT Val homozygotes group was significantly shorter than the COMT Met-carrier group [t(39.78) = 2.13, p = .039,d = 0.56] at rest condition. No significant association was found for the other analyses (DRD2/ANKK1 and BDNF). In conclusion, the present study suggests that COMT Val158Met (rs4680) polymorphisms may be associated with EFs at rest condition. However, further studies are needed to validate this association.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/801292
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