Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is being increasingly offered to octogenarians. Both on-and off-pump CABG are reported as effective surgical revascularization strategies for octogenarians by single institution studies. However, the issue of superiority of one strategy over the other for octogenarians remains unresolved due to limited sample size of these studies. A meta-analysis of studies comparing outcomes of on-and off-pump CABG in octogenarians was undertaken to address the issue.Methods: A literature search was conducted from 1966 through September 2016 using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science to identify relevant articles. Primary outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality and stroke. Secondary outcomes of interest were atrial fibrillation, acute renal failure, reoperation for bleeding, deep sternal wound infection, myocardial infarction, intensive therapy unit (ITU) stay and hospital stay. The random effects model was used to calculate the outcomes of both binary and continuous data to control any heterogeneity between the studies. Heterogeneity amongst the trials was determined by means of the Cochran Q value and quantified using the I-2 inconsistency test. All p-values were 2-sided and a 5% level was considered significant.Results: Sixteen retrospective studies (18,685 on-pump patients and 8938 off-pump patients) were included in the systematic review. In-hospital mortality (pooled OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.44 to 0.93; p = 0.02), stroke rate (pooled OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.48 to 0.76; p < 0.001) and length of hospital stay pooled WMD = +0.29, 95% CI = +0.02 to +0.56; p = 0.04) were significantly lower in the off-pump patients. Atrial fibrillation (p = 0.36), acute renal failure (p = 0.47), reoperation for bleeding (p = 0.99), deep sternal wound infection (p = 0.59), myocardial infarction (p = 0.93), and length of ITU stay (p = 0.27) were comparable.Conclusion: Off-pump compared to on-pump CABG offers surgical myocardial revascularization to octogenarians with lower in-hospital mortality, stroke rate and length of hospital stay with similar incidence of other adverse outcomes. Preferentially offering off-pump CABG to octogenarians could translate into reduced economic burden on the healthcare providers. (C) 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

On- or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for octogenarians: A meta-analysis of comparative studies involving 27,623 patients

Benedetto U.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is being increasingly offered to octogenarians. Both on-and off-pump CABG are reported as effective surgical revascularization strategies for octogenarians by single institution studies. However, the issue of superiority of one strategy over the other for octogenarians remains unresolved due to limited sample size of these studies. A meta-analysis of studies comparing outcomes of on-and off-pump CABG in octogenarians was undertaken to address the issue.Methods: A literature search was conducted from 1966 through September 2016 using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science to identify relevant articles. Primary outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality and stroke. Secondary outcomes of interest were atrial fibrillation, acute renal failure, reoperation for bleeding, deep sternal wound infection, myocardial infarction, intensive therapy unit (ITU) stay and hospital stay. The random effects model was used to calculate the outcomes of both binary and continuous data to control any heterogeneity between the studies. Heterogeneity amongst the trials was determined by means of the Cochran Q value and quantified using the I-2 inconsistency test. All p-values were 2-sided and a 5% level was considered significant.Results: Sixteen retrospective studies (18,685 on-pump patients and 8938 off-pump patients) were included in the systematic review. In-hospital mortality (pooled OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.44 to 0.93; p = 0.02), stroke rate (pooled OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.48 to 0.76; p < 0.001) and length of hospital stay pooled WMD = +0.29, 95% CI = +0.02 to +0.56; p = 0.04) were significantly lower in the off-pump patients. Atrial fibrillation (p = 0.36), acute renal failure (p = 0.47), reoperation for bleeding (p = 0.99), deep sternal wound infection (p = 0.59), myocardial infarction (p = 0.93), and length of ITU stay (p = 0.27) were comparable.Conclusion: Off-pump compared to on-pump CABG offers surgical myocardial revascularization to octogenarians with lower in-hospital mortality, stroke rate and length of hospital stay with similar incidence of other adverse outcomes. Preferentially offering off-pump CABG to octogenarians could translate into reduced economic burden on the healthcare providers. (C) 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/804959
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