PURPOSE: To assess the clinical usefulness of chorioretinal biopsy in establishing a definitive diagnosis in intraocular lymphomas.DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive diagnostic case series.METHODS: SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine consecutive patients presenting with severe uveitis that required an intraocular biopsy where underlying lymphoma was suspected. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: A retrospective review of a 15-year period (1999-2014) was undertaken of all patients that have undergone chorioretinal biopsy for suspected lymphoma at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Patients were identified on the hospital's computerized database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Effectiveness of chorioretinal biopsy in establishing a definitive diagnosis or in excluding malignancy.RESULTS: A specific histologic diagnosis was made in 17 cases (59%) while in 9 cases the biopsy combined with clinical data was effective in excluding malignancy. In the 3 remaining cases, no specific diagnosis was made. No intraoperative complications were reported. Postoperative complications other than cataract included 2 vitreous hemorrhages and 2 retinal detachments. Of the 17 cases with a histologic diagnosis, 15 were obtained in eyes with marked vitritis, as opposed to 2 with minimal vitritis.CONCLUSIONS: Chorioretinal biopsy provided a definitive diagnosis of lymphoma in 59% of cases and assisted in exclusion of a further 31% in this series. The level of vitritis appears to act as a strong index of likelihood in achieving a definitive histologic diagnosis. (C) 2015 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

The Role of Chorioretinal Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Intraocular Lymphoma

Mastropasqua, Rodolfo
;
2015-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical usefulness of chorioretinal biopsy in establishing a definitive diagnosis in intraocular lymphomas.DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive diagnostic case series.METHODS: SETTING: Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine consecutive patients presenting with severe uveitis that required an intraocular biopsy where underlying lymphoma was suspected. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: A retrospective review of a 15-year period (1999-2014) was undertaken of all patients that have undergone chorioretinal biopsy for suspected lymphoma at Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Patients were identified on the hospital's computerized database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Effectiveness of chorioretinal biopsy in establishing a definitive diagnosis or in excluding malignancy.RESULTS: A specific histologic diagnosis was made in 17 cases (59%) while in 9 cases the biopsy combined with clinical data was effective in excluding malignancy. In the 3 remaining cases, no specific diagnosis was made. No intraoperative complications were reported. Postoperative complications other than cataract included 2 vitreous hemorrhages and 2 retinal detachments. Of the 17 cases with a histologic diagnosis, 15 were obtained in eyes with marked vitritis, as opposed to 2 with minimal vitritis.CONCLUSIONS: Chorioretinal biopsy provided a definitive diagnosis of lymphoma in 59% of cases and assisted in exclusion of a further 31% in this series. The level of vitritis appears to act as a strong index of likelihood in achieving a definitive histologic diagnosis. (C) 2015 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/813879
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