Esketamine, the S-enantiomer of ketamine, has recently emerged as a therapy for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), showing both rapid antidepressant action and good efficacy and high safety. It is also indicated for the acute short-term treatment of psychiatric emergency due to major depressive disorder (MDD) and for depressive symptoms in adults with MDD with acute suicidal thoughts/behavior. We here provide preliminary insights on esketamine nasal spray (ESK-NS) effectiveness and safety among patients with a substance use disorder (SUD) within the sample of patients with TRD collected for the observational, retrospective, multicentre REAL-ESK study. Twenty-six subjects were retrospectively selected according to the presence of a SUD in comorbidity. Subjects enrolled completed the three different follow-up phases (T0/baseline, T1/after one month, and T2/after three months) and there were no dropouts. A decrease in Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) scores was recorded, thus highlighting the antidepressant efficacy of ESK-NS (MADRS decreased from T0 to T1, t = 6.533, df=23, p <0.001, and from T1 to T2, t = 2.029, df=20, p = 0.056). Considering tolerability and safety issues, one or more side effects were reported by 19/26 subjects (73%) after treatment administration. All reported side effects were time-dependent and did not cause significant sequelae; among them, dissociative symptoms (38%) and sedation (26%) were the most frequently reported. Finally, no cases of abuse or misuse of ESK-NS were reported. Despite study limitations related to the inherent nature of the study, a limited number of patients, and a short follow-up period, ESK-NS showed to be effective and safe in patients diagnosed with TRD comorbid with a SUD. (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Esketamine in treatment-resistant depression patients comorbid with substance-use disorder: A viewpoint on its safety and effectiveness in a subsample of patients from the REAL-ESK study

Chiappini, Stefania
;
d'Andrea, Giacomo;Pettorruso, Mauro;Sensi, Stefano;Martinotti, Giovanni
2023-01-01

Abstract

Esketamine, the S-enantiomer of ketamine, has recently emerged as a therapy for treatment-resistant depression (TRD), showing both rapid antidepressant action and good efficacy and high safety. It is also indicated for the acute short-term treatment of psychiatric emergency due to major depressive disorder (MDD) and for depressive symptoms in adults with MDD with acute suicidal thoughts/behavior. We here provide preliminary insights on esketamine nasal spray (ESK-NS) effectiveness and safety among patients with a substance use disorder (SUD) within the sample of patients with TRD collected for the observational, retrospective, multicentre REAL-ESK study. Twenty-six subjects were retrospectively selected according to the presence of a SUD in comorbidity. Subjects enrolled completed the three different follow-up phases (T0/baseline, T1/after one month, and T2/after three months) and there were no dropouts. A decrease in Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) scores was recorded, thus highlighting the antidepressant efficacy of ESK-NS (MADRS decreased from T0 to T1, t = 6.533, df=23, p <0.001, and from T1 to T2, t = 2.029, df=20, p = 0.056). Considering tolerability and safety issues, one or more side effects were reported by 19/26 subjects (73%) after treatment administration. All reported side effects were time-dependent and did not cause significant sequelae; among them, dissociative symptoms (38%) and sedation (26%) were the most frequently reported. Finally, no cases of abuse or misuse of ESK-NS were reported. Despite study limitations related to the inherent nature of the study, a limited number of patients, and a short follow-up period, ESK-NS showed to be effective and safe in patients diagnosed with TRD comorbid with a SUD. (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/814091
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