Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a major health burden despite anticoagulation advances, suggesting incomplete management of pathogenic mechanisms. The NLRP3 (NACHT-, LRR-and pyrin domain-containing protein 3) inflammasome, interleukin (IL)-1, and pyroptosis are emerging contributors to the inflammatory pathogenesis of VTE. Inflammasome pathway activation occurs in patients with VTE. In preclinical models, inflammasome signaling blockade reduces venous thrombogenesis and vascular injury, suggesting that this therapeutic approach may potentially maximize anticoagulation benefits, protecting from VTE occurrence, recurrence, and ensuing post-thrombotic syndrome. The nonselective NLRP3 inhibitor colchicine and the anti-IL-1b agent canakinumab reduce atherothrombosis without increasing bleeding. Rosuvastatin reduces primary venous thrombotic events at least in part through lipid-lowering independent mechanisms, paving the way to targeted anti-inflammatory strategies in VTE. This review outlines recent preclinical and clinical evidence supporting a role for inflammasome pathway activation in venous thrombosis, and discusses the, yet unexplored, therapeutic potential of modulating inflamma-some signaling to prevent and manage VTE.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Inflammasome Signaling, Thromboinflammation, and Venous Thromboembolism

Potere, Nicola
;
Porreca, Ettore;Di Nisio, Marcello
2023-01-01

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a major health burden despite anticoagulation advances, suggesting incomplete management of pathogenic mechanisms. The NLRP3 (NACHT-, LRR-and pyrin domain-containing protein 3) inflammasome, interleukin (IL)-1, and pyroptosis are emerging contributors to the inflammatory pathogenesis of VTE. Inflammasome pathway activation occurs in patients with VTE. In preclinical models, inflammasome signaling blockade reduces venous thrombogenesis and vascular injury, suggesting that this therapeutic approach may potentially maximize anticoagulation benefits, protecting from VTE occurrence, recurrence, and ensuing post-thrombotic syndrome. The nonselective NLRP3 inhibitor colchicine and the anti-IL-1b agent canakinumab reduce atherothrombosis without increasing bleeding. Rosuvastatin reduces primary venous thrombotic events at least in part through lipid-lowering independent mechanisms, paving the way to targeted anti-inflammatory strategies in VTE. This review outlines recent preclinical and clinical evidence supporting a role for inflammasome pathway activation in venous thrombosis, and discusses the, yet unexplored, therapeutic potential of modulating inflamma-some signaling to prevent and manage VTE.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11564/819776
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